Good morning !Life is short.Smile while you have teeth Listen to a piece of music and fill the missing words.LAregrethomeYou`ve been runnin` round, runnin` round, runnin` round throwing that dirt all on my name `Cause you knew that I, knew that I, knew that I`d call you up You`ve been going round, going round, going round every party in`Cause you knew that I, knew that I, knew that I`d be at one I know that dress is karma, perfume You got me thinking `bout when you were mine And now I`m all up o
Good morning ! Life is short. Smile while you have teeth
Listen to a piece of music and fill the missing words. LA regret home You`ve been runnin` round, runnin` round, runnin` round throwing that dirt all on my name `Cause you knew that I, knew that I, knew that I`d call you up You`ve been going round, going round, going round every party in `Cause you knew that I, knew that I, knew that I`d be at one
I know that dress is karma, perfume You got me thinking `bout when you were mine And now I`m all up on ya, what you expect But you`re not coming with me tonight Pick out the initial letters of the words LA Regret Home L r h How do you pronounce these letters? UNIT 3: A PARTY LANGUAGE FOCUS
Pronunciation: /l/ - /r/ - /h/ Grammar: 1. Infinitive and gerund 2. Passive infinitive and gerund /r/ pretty Europe parent really restaurant library /h/ hit house holiday hospital husband helicopter I. PRONUNCIATION /l/ lunch lovely lemonade jelly glass salad Note: silent /h/ what hour honest honour vehicle heir Listen and repeat Practise reading aloud these sentences 1. Hello Mr. Allen. You’re early for lunch. It’s only eleven o’clock 2. I’d like a plate of salad, a glass of lemonade, a slice of melon and some jelly, please. 3. Laura is really pretty librarian in public library. 4. Her parents own a restaurant in a country in Central Europe. 5. Hello, Harry. Have you heard the news? There’s been a horrible accident. A helicopter has hit Helen’s house. 6. Helen and her husband will have to spend their holiday in hospital. Hello, Mr. Allen. You’re early for lunch. It’s only eleven o’clock. Practise reading aloud these sentences I’d like a plate of salad, a glass of lemonade, a slice of melon and some jelly, please. Laura is a really pretty librarian in the public library. Her parents own a restaurant in a country in Central Europe Hello, Harry. Have you heard the news? There’s been a horrible accident. A helicopter has hit Helen’s house. Helen and her husband will have to spend their holiday in hospital. Infinitive and Gerund a. Infinitive + Infinitive with “to” + infinitive without “to” b. Gerund - Gerund is a form of V-ing used as a noun. II. GRAMMAR Unit 1. Language focus b. Gerund : 1. Subject (Chủ ngữ): Ex: Reading books in poor light can harm your eyesight.
read 2. Object (tân ngữ): (V + V-ing) Ex: You must avoid eating too much fatty food.
V Ving 3. Followed by prepositions ( sau các giới từ on, in, of, …): EX: He left me without saying goobye.
start begin continue regret like hate stop remember try regret Common verbs followed by either infinitives or gerunds + Stop + to V : d?ng vi?c dang l�m d? l�m vi?c khỏc Eg. He stopped to have a rest because he felt tired. + Stop + Ving : d?ng h?n khụng l�m n?a Eg. He stopped smoking because it is dangerous. + Remember / forget + to V : nh? / quờn vi?c s? l�m Eg. Remember to turn off the lights when you leave. + Remember / forget + Ving: nh? / quờn vi?c dó l�m gỡ Eg. I am sure I locked the door. I remembered locking it. + try +to V : c? g?ng l�m gỡ Eg. He tried to learn well for the exam + try + Ving: th? l�m gỡ Eg. Try eating some strange foods. + need+ to V : c?n l�m gỡ ( nghia ch? d?ng ) Eg. He needs to have a rest because he felt tired. + Need + Ving : c?n du?c l�m gỡ ( nghia b? d?ng ) Eg. This chair needs repairing because it is dangerous. + Mean + to V : d? d?nh l�m gỡ Eg. I`m sorry. I didn`t mean to hurt you + Mean + Ving: cú nghia l� Eg. This sign means not parking . + regret +to V : l?y l�m ti?c Eg. We regret to inform you that the flight will be delayed + regret + Ving: h?i h?n , h?i ti?c vi?c dó l�m Eg. He regret leaving school early. ☺ Example The doctor was forced………………….…immediately to save the patient’s life. (operate) Exercise 1. Complete the sentence with the correct form, gerund or infinitive, using the words in barckets to operate 1. Most passengers dislike ________to sit in small uncomfortable seats on long flights. (have) 2. I must drive more carefully. I can`t risk ______another speeding ticket. (get) 3. Did Dick mean __________ Sue about the party, or did it slip out accidentally? (tell) 4. You must keep _________on the computer until you understand how to use all of the programs. (practise) 5. The judge demanded ________ the original document, not the photocopy. (see) having getting to tell practicing to see b. Passive infinitive: Example: He wants people to call him “sir” He wants to be called “sir” * Form:
a. Passive gerund: Example: Charlie is afraid of being bitten by the dog.
2. Passive infinitive and passive gerund to be+ past participle being + past participle *Use: To emphasize the action/ event rather than the agent. 2.Passive infinitive (to be + V3/ed)
Dùng với nghĩa bị động, sau các động từ như: want, expect, refuse, hope, decide, agree,…… ☞ Cần lưu ý nghĩa, của câu là chủ động (V + to V) hay bị động (V + to be + V3/ed). EX: They want to be invited to the party
Exercise 2. Choose the correct answer to complete the sentences.
Example: When I told Tim the news, he seemed_______
A. to surprise B. to be surprised B 1. Ms. Thompson is always willing to help, but she doesn’t want_______at home unless there is an emergency. A. to call B. to be called 2. The children agree_______the candy equally. A. to divide B. to be divided 3. I expected_______to the party, but I wasn’t. A. to invited B. to be invited A B B 3.Passive gerund (being + V3/ed) Dùng với nghĩa bị động, sau các động từ như: enjoy, finish, avoid, keep, miss, give up, dislike,… ☞Cần lưu ý, nghĩa của câu là chủ động (V + V_ing) hay bị động (V + being + V3/ed) EX: I disliked being taken to the zoo when I was a child. ☺ Lưu ý: Sau giới từ (in, on, at, about, for, from,…),vẫn dùng “being”. Exercise 3. Choose the correct answer to complete the sentences.
Example: Instead of___ about the good news, Tom seemed to be indifferent. A. exciting B. being excited C. to excite D. to be excited B 1. The new students hope________in many of the school’s social activities. A. Including B. being included C. to include D. to be included Jack got into trouble when he refused ___ his briefcase for the customs oficer. A. Opening B. being opened C. to open D. to be opened Barbara didn’t mention_______about her progress report at work, but I’m sure she is A. concerning B. being concerned C. to concern D. to be concerned D C B
4. You’d better save some money for a rainy day. You can’t count on ______ by your parents every time you get into financial difficulty. A. rescuing B. being rescued C. to rescue D. to be rescued Please forgive me .I didn’t mean ______ you A. upsetting B. being upset C. to upset D. to be upset B C Thank you for your attention
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