UNIT 3.
A PARTY
E. LANGUAGE FOCUS 1
TRUNG VUONG HIGH SCHOOL
Teacher : Lê Thị Hồng Quế
October, 2021
WARM -UP
What do you call it in English?
Literature
Lion
Restaurant
River
Race
Helicopter
Housework
/l/
/r/
Library
/h /
Ôn tập cách đọc âm L:
Đọc là / l /: like, love, gloves, salad, ….
L câm khi đứng trước các âm D, F, M, K : calm, half, salmon, talk, would, should, …
ACTIVITY 1
Ôn tập cách đọc âm R:
Đọc là / r /: pretty, Europe, parent, really, restaurant, library, …
R câm khi đứng cuối câu : father, mother, brother, sister, …
Ôn tập cách đọc âm H:
Đọc là / h /: house, holiday, hospital, …
H câm khi đứng sau W: what, when, where, whether, why…
H câm với các từ : hour, honest, honor, heir, …
1. Hello, Mr. Allen. You’re early for lunch. It’s only eleven o’clock.
2. I’d like a plate of salad, a glass of lemonade, a slice of melon and some jelly, please.
3. Laura is a really pretty librarian in the public library.
4. Her parents own a restaurant in a country in central Europe.
5. Hello, Harry. Have you heard the news? There’s been a horrible accident. A helicopter has hit Helen’s house.
6. Helen and her husband will have to spend their holiday in hospital.
Practise reading aloud these sentences
1. Infinitive and gerund
2. Passive infinitive and gerund.
ACTIVITY 2
Really? I enjoy spending my holidays in Europe. I prefer being driven to Notre-Dame in Paris by my brother.
Shizuka, I arrange to travel to Russia next Friday. I expect to be met at the airport by my uncle.
I arrange to travel to Russia next Friday. I expect to be met at

the airport by my uncle.
I enjoy spending my holidays in Europe. I prefer being driven to

Notre-Dame in Paris by my brother.
INFINITIVE AND GERUND
PASIVE INFINITIVE AND GERUND
to V
s
V
to be + V3/ed
s
V
V+-ing
s
V
being + V3/ed
s
V
Ta dùng Infinitive & Gerund sau một số động từ đặc biệt:
agree arrange attempt
ask decide manage
hope fail offer
need expect demand
plan learn mean
seem want promise
prepare wish refuse
enjoy dislike risk
keep avoid finish
deny delay consider
discuss complete mention
mind practise quit
suggest admit prevent

Ta dùng Passive Infinitive & Gerund khi :
Trong câu có BY + tân ngữ
Dịch là Được / Bị
Sau khoảng trống có tân ngữ (đối với những động từ cần tân ngữ)
☺ Example:
The doctor was forced………………….…immediately to save the patient’s life. (operate)
Exercise 1. Complete the sentence with the correct form, gerund or infinitive, using the words in brackets
to operate
Infinitive & Gerund
1. Most passengers dislike ________to sit in small uncomfortable seats on long flights. (have)
2. I must drive more carefully. I can`t risk ______another speeding ticket. (get)
3. Did Dick mean __________ Sue about the party, or did it slip out accidentally? (tell)
4. You must keep ____________on the computer until you understand how to use all of the programs. (practise)
5. The judge demanded ________ the original document, not the photocopy. (see)
having
getting
to tell
practicing
to see

Exercise 2. Choose the correct answer to complete the sentences.
☺ Example:
When I told Tim the news, he seemed_______
A. to surprise B. to be surprised
B
☞ Cần lưu ý nghĩa, của câu là chủ động (V + to V) hay bị động (V + to be + V3/ed).
Passive Infinitive
1. Ms. Thompson is always willing to help, but she doesn’t want_______at home unless there is an emergency.
A. to call B. to be called
The children agree_______the candy equally.
A. to divide B. to be divided
3. I expected_______to the party, but I wasn’t.
A. to invited B. to be invited
4. I expect ___________ at the airport by my uncle.
A. to meet B. to be met
5. Mr. Steinberg offered _________us to the train station.
A. to drive B. to be driven


B
B
A
B
A
☞Cần lưu ý, nghĩa của câu là chủ động hay bị động
Passive Infinitive and Gerund
Exercise 3. Choose the correct answer to complete the sentences.
☺ Example:
Instead of________ about the good news, Tom seemed to be indifferent.
A. exciting B. being excited
C. to excite D. to be excited
B
The new students hope________in many of the school’s social activities.
A. Including B. being excited C. to include D. to be included
Jack got in to trouble when he refused________his briefcase for the customs officer.
A. Opening B. being opened C. to open D. to be opened
Barbara didn’t mention_______about her progress report at work, but I’m sure she is
concerning B. being concerned C. to concern D. to be concerned
4. You’d better save some money for a rainy day. You can’t count on ________ by your parents every time you get into financial difficulty.
A. Rescuing B. being rescued C. to rescue D. to be rescued
5. Please forgive me. I didn’t mean ________you.
A. Upsetting B. being upset C. to upset D. to be upset
D
C
B
B
C
HOME WORK
- Copy all the lesson into your notebooks.
Learn all the rules by heart.
- Prepare LANGUAGE FOCUS 2.
Thanks for your attention!
nguon VI OLET