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brains have got rusty. But the joy is that, although some parts have rusted up, your brain has learnt all kinds of
other things since you were young. It has learnt to think independently and flexiblyand is much better at
relating one thing to another. What you lose in the rust department, you gain in
the maturity department. In some ways, age is a positive plus. For instance, when you‟re older,you get less
frustrated. Experience has told you that, if you‟re calm and simply do something carefully again and again,
eventually you‟ll get the hang of it. The confidence you have in other areas – from being able to drive a car,
perhaps – means that if you can‟t, say, build a chair instantly, you don‟t, like a child, want to destroy your first
pathetic attempts. Maturity tells you that you will, with application, eventually get there. I hated piano lessons
at school, but I was good at music. And coming back to it, with a teacher who could explain why certain
exercises were useful and with musical concepts that, at the age of ten, I could never grasp, was magical.
Initially, I did feel a bit strange, thumping out a piece that I‟d played for my school exams, with just as little
comprehension of what the composer intended as I‟d had all those years before. But soon, complex emotions
that I never knew poured out from my
fingers, and suddenly I could understand why practice makes perfect.
Question 36: It is implied in paragraph 1 that ______.
A. young learners often lack a good motivation for learning
B. young learners are usually lazy in their class
C. teachers should give young learners less homework
D. parents should encourage young learners to study more
Question 37: The phrase “For starters” in paragraph 2 could best be replaced by “______”.
A. For beginners
B. At the starting point
C. At the beginning
D. First and foremost
Question 38: While doing some adult learning courses at a college, the writer was surprised ____
A. to have more time to learn
C. to feel learning more enjoyable
B. to be able to learn more quickly
D. to get on better with the tutor
Question 39In paragraph 3, the word “rusty” means ______.
A. not as good as it used to be through lack of practice
B. impatient because of having nothing to do
C. staying alive and becoming more active
D. covered with rust and not as good as it used to be
Question 40 All of the following are true about adult learning EXCEPT ______.
A. young people usually feel less patient than adults
B. experience in doing other things can help one‟s learning
C. adult learners have fewer advantages than young learners
D. adults think more independently and flexibly than young people
Question 41 What is the writer’s main purpose in the passage?
A. To encourage adult learning
C. To explain reasons for learning.
B. To show how fast adult learning is
D. To describe adult learning methods.
Question 42 It is implied in the last paragraph that when you learn later in life, you ______.
A. are not able to concentrate as well as when you were younger
B. find that you can recall a lot of things you learnt when younger
C. should expect to take longer to learn than when you were younger
D. can sometimes understand more than when you were younger
Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct
answer to each of the questions .
The weather phenomenon called El Nino was first recorded in the 1500s when fishermen in South
America noticed that near Christmas some years the water was noticeably warmer than others. They named
this El Nino, or the infant, as it happened near the celebration of the birth of Christ.
Only in recent years has there been any serious investigations into the causes and results of El Nino. The
997 - 1998 El Nino was the first to be studied extensively. Scientists from France, Japan, Korea and Taiwan
combined the various readings they had from satellite and surface measurements of wind speeds and water
temperatures to make the Tropical Atmosphere Ocean Array. This combined information allowed them to see
the overall patterns of an El Nino and helped them predict when one was starting.
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