ĐỀ LUYỆN THI THPT QG 2018 136

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SỞ GD&ĐT VĨNH PHÚC TRƯỜNG THPT LIỄN SƠN (Đề thi gồm: 04 trang) ĐỀ KTCL ÔN THI THPT QUỐC GIA NĂM 2017-2018 Môn: TIẾNG ANH – ĐỀ SỐ 136 Thời gian làm bài: 60 phút, không kể thời gian phát đề Họ và tên thí sinh:……………………………………………………………………. SBD:………………………… Choose A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word or phrase CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined part in each of the following questions. Question 1: Biogas can be utilized for electricity production, cooking, space heating, wat

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   SỞ GD&ĐT VĨNH PHÚC
TRƯỜNG THPT LIỄN SƠN
(Đề thi gồm: 04 trang)
ĐỀ KTCL ÔN THI THPT QUỐC GIA NĂM 2017-2018
Môn: TIẾNG ANH – ĐỀ SỐ 136
Thời gian làm bài: 60 phút, không kể thời gian phát đề

 
Họ và tên thí sinh:……………………………………………………………………. SBD:…………………………
 
Choose A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word or phrase CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined part in each of the following questions.
Question 1: Biogas can be utilized for electricity production, cooking, space heating, water heating, and process heating.
A. generation  B. sparing  C. reformation D. increase
Question 2: American children customarily go trick-or-treating on Halloween.
A. happily  B. inevitably  C. readily  D. traditionally
 
Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the co
ect answer to each of the questions.
   For more than six million American children, coming home after school means coming back to an empty house. Some deal with the situation by watching TV. Some may hide. But all of them have something in common. They spend part of each day alone.   They are called "latchkey children". They are children who look after themselves while their parents work. And their bad condition has become a subject of concern. Lynette Long was once the principal of an elementary school. She said, "We had a school rule against wearing jewelry. A lot of kids had chains around their necks with keys attached. I was constantly telling them to put the keys inside shirts. There were so many keys; it never came to my mind what they meant." Slowly, she learned that they were house keys. She and her husband began talking to the children who had keys. They learned of the effect working couples and single parents were having on their children. Fear was the biggest problem faced by children at home alone. One in three latchkey children the Longs talked to reported being frightened. Many had nightmares and were wo
ied about their own safety. The most common way latchkey children deal with their fears is by hiding. They may hide in a shower stall, under a bed or in a closet. The second is TV. They often turn the volume up. It’s hard to get statistics on latchkey children, the Longs have learned. Most parents are slow to admit that they leave their children alone.
 
Question 3: What do latchkey children suffer most from when they are at home alone?
A. Tiredness.  B. Boredom.  C. Loneliness.  D. Fear.
Question 4: What is the main idea of the first paragraph?
A. Bad condition of latchkey children. B. How kids spend free time.
C. Why kids hate going home.  D. Children's activities at home.
Question 5: The phrase "an empty house" in the passage mostly means_______.
A. a house with no people inside  B. a house with nothing inside
C. a house with no furniture   D. a house with too much space
Question 6: It's difficult to find out the number of latchkey children because_______.
A. they hide themselves in shower stalls or under beds.
B. most parents are reluctant to admit that they leave their children alone.
C. there are too many of them in the whole country.
D. they do not give information about themselves for safety reasons.
Question 7: What is the most common way for latchkey children to deal with fears?
A. Hiding somewhere. B. Lying under a TV. C. Talking to the Longs. D. Having a shower.
Question 8: The main problem of latchkey children is that they_______.
A. are growing in numbers   B. are also found in middle-class families
C. watch too much television during the day D. suffer a lot from being left alone
Question 9: The phrase "latchkey children" in the passage means children who_______.
A. like to ca
y latches and keys with them everywhere
B. are locked inside houses with latches and keys
C. look after themselves while their parents are not at home
D. close doors with keys and watch TV by themselves
Question 10: Why did a lot of kids have chains around their necks with keys attached?
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A. Schools didn't allow them to wear jewelry, so they wore keys instead.
B. They were fully grown and had become independent.
C. They had to use the keys to open school doors.
D. They would use the keys to enter their houses when they came home.
Question 11: Lynette Long learned of latchkey children's problems by_______.
A. talking to them    B. interviewing their parents
C. delivering questionnaires   D. visiting their homes
Question 12: One thing that the children in the passage share is that_______.
A. they are from single-parent families B. they all wear jewelry
C. they all watch TV    D. they spend part of each day alone
 
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word that differs from the other three in the position of the primary stress in each of the following questions.
Question 13: A. expectation B. temperament C. opportunity D. decoration
Question 14: A. religious B. miserable  C. performance D. including
 
Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word(s) that is OPPOSITE in meaning to the italic part in each of the following questions.
Question 15: For most male spiders, courtship is a perilous procedure, for they may be eaten by females. A. dangerous              B. peculiar                            C. safe                                          D. complicated
Question 16: Names of people in the book were changed to preserve anonymity.
A. reveal  B. presume  C. conserve  D. cover
 
Choose A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to show the underlined part that needs co
ection.
Question 17: Manufacturers may use food additives for preserving, to colour, or to flavour, or to fortify foods.
A. fortify foods B. to flavour  C. many use  D. for preserving
Question 18: Computer science which is considered by some scientists to have a much closer relationship with mathematics than many scientific disciplines.
A. some scientists B. which is considered C. much closer D. than many
Question 19: If one type of manufacturing expands, it is like that another type will shrink considerably.
A. considerably B. like   C. expands  D. another
Question 20: The Pullman strike of 1894 occu
ed took place during the era of rapid industrialization.
A. occu
ed took B. era of rapid  C. industrialization D. place during
 
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the most suitable response to complete each of the following exchanges.
Question 21:  ~ Mike: "__________"      ~  Maria: "Thank you. We are proud of him."
A. This gift is for your kid.   B. Can we take a photo of your child?
C. Your kid is naughty.   D. Your child is just adorable!
Question 22:  ~ John: "I've passed my final exam."   ~   Tom: "__________"
A. Good luck.  B. Congratulations! C. That’s a good idea. D. It’s nice of you to say so.
 
Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the co
ect answer to each of the following questions.
   The warming of the Pacific Ocean has created weather patterns (23)______ strongly affect the world. When the water is warm, the (24)______ of rainfall in Indonesia and the su
ounding regions decreases. Australia could (25)______ experience a drought in many parts. On (26)______ hand, Chile (which borders the Pacific Ocean) is preparing for (27)______ rainstorms. In Pakistan and northwestern India, the weather pattern makes the rainy season weaker and makes the area much drier. This happening is called El Nino and is used (28)______ weather forecasters to make long-range weather predictions. They also know that El Nino will (29)______ unusually heavy rains to the southwestern part of the United States and make the central part of the country drier at the same time. According to research, weather forecasters (30)______ know about the coming weather with certainty. Now everything has become completely different. El Nino itself used to be (31)______ It
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would occur every two to seven years. But now, this weather pattern is becoming more frequent. We cannot say when and how often tornadoes or cyclones occur. Scientists are unsure of the reason for this (32)______ on a global scale either.
 
Question 23: A. that   B. whether  C. when  D. what
Question 24: A. deal   B. amount  C. number  D. figure
Question 25: A. even   B. however  C. nevertheless D. ever
Question 26: A. others  B. other  C. another  D. the other
Question 27: A. strict   B. severe  C. cruel  D. angry
Question 28: A. by   B. at   C. to   D. on
Question 29: A. fetch   B. ca
y  C.
ing  D. take
Question 30: A. used to  B. are used to  C. used to be  D. get used to
Question 31: A. remarkable  B. notable  C. predictable  D. incredible
Question 32: A. transfer  B. transformation C. change  D. shift
 
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the co
ect answer to each of the following questions.
Question 33: The spy admitted_______ some highly secret information to enemy agents.
A. to have given B. having given C. to have been given  D. having been given
Question 34: When it started to snow, he_______ his overcoat.
A. took out  B. put on  C. put off  D. took off
Question 35: This computer game is really out of the_______.
A. normal  B. average  C. usual  D. ordinary
Question 36: It has been conclusively_______ that smoking causes many diseases.
A. approved  B. established  C. admitted  D. declared
Question 37: _______ the issue was debated, the more people became involved.
A. The more longer B. The long  C. The longer  D. The longest
Question 38: You don’t think Peter will come with us, _______?
A. will he  B. won't he  C. don't you  D. do you
Question 39: I was in a quandary_______ what to say.
A. about  B. owing to  C. of   D. for
Question 40: _______ , no one was absent from the farewell party last night
A. As it rained heavily   B. Heavily as it rained
C. Though it rains heavily   D. In spite of the heavily rain
Question 41: He was determined to choose that university because of_______.
A. its fine reputation    B. it has a fine reputation
C. its reputation is fine   D. it is fine
Question 42: When he retires at sixty, he'll get a very good_______.
A. pension  B. salary  C. pay   D. wage
Question 43: It won't_______ matter if you a
ive a few minutes late.
A. grandly  B. largely  C. greatly  D. considerably
 
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word whose underlined part differs from the other three in pronunciation in each of the following questions.
Question 44: A. touched  B. crooked  C. missed  D. watched
Question 45: A. dedicate  B. private  C. eliminate  D. educate
 
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that is closest in meaning to each of the following questions
Question 46: Impressed as we were by the new cinema, we found it rather expensive.
A. We were very impressed by the new cinema, but found it rather expensive.
B. We weren’t as much impressed by the new cinema’s look as its coast.
C. We were not impressed by the new cinema at all because it looked rather expensive.
D. The new cinema was more expensive than we expected.
Question 47: At no time did the two sides look likely to reach an agreement.
A. The two sides never looked likely to reach an agreement.
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B. If the two sides had had time, they would have reached an agreement.
C. The two sides never look like each other.
D. The two sides had no time to reach an agreement.
Question 48: Their chances of success are small.
A. It’s very likely that they will succeed. 
B. They will definitely be successful.
C. They won't have any chance of being successful.
D. It's not very likely that they will succeed.
 
Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that best combines the pair of sentences given in each of the following questions.
Question 49: John is studying hard. He doesn't want to fail the next exam.
A. John is studying hard in order that he cannot fail the next exam.
B. John is studying hard so as not to fail in the next exam.  
C. John is studying hard in order not to fail the next exam.
D. John is studying hard in order to not to fail the next exam.
Question 50: He didn't take his father's advice. That's why he is out of work.
A. If he took his father's advice, he would not be out of work.
B. If he had taken his father's advice, he would not have been out of work.
C. If he had taken his father's advice, he would not be out of work.
D. If he takes his father's advice, he will not be out of work.
___________THE END____________
 
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