ĐỀ LUYỆN THI THPT QG 2018 140

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SỞ GD&ĐT VĨNH PHÚC TRƯỜNG THPT LIỄN SƠN (Đề thi gồm: 04 trang) ĐỀ KTCL ÔN THI THPT QUỐC GIA NĂM 2017-2018 Môn: TIẾNG ANH – ĐỀ SỐ 140 Thời gian làm bài: 60 phút, không kể thời gian phát đề Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the coect answer to each of the questions from 1 to 7. Under certain circumstances, the human body must cope with gases at greater-than-normal atmospheric pressure. For example, gas pressures increase rapidly dur

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   SỞ GD&ĐT VĨNH PHÚC
TRƯỜNG THPT LIỄN SƠN
(Đề thi gồm: 04 trang)
ĐỀ KTCL ÔN THI THPT QUỐC GIA NĂM 2017-2018
Môn: TIẾNG ANH – ĐỀ SỐ 140
Thời gian làm bài: 60 phút, không kể thời gian phát đề

 
Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the co
ect answer to each of the questions from 1 to 7.
Under certain circumstances, the human body must cope with gases at greater-than-normal atmospheric pressure. For example, gas pressures increase rapidly during a dive made with scuba gear because the
eathing equipment allows divers to stay underwater longer and dive deeper. The pressure exerted on the human body increases by 1 atmosphere for every 10 meters of depth in seawater, so that at 30 meters in seawater a diver is exposed to a pressure of about 4 atmospheres. The pressure of the gases being
eathed must equal the external pressure applied to the body; otherwise
eathing is very difficult. Therefore all of the gases in the air
eathed by a scuba diver at 40 meter are present at five times their usual pressure. Nitrogen, which composes 80 percent of the air we
eathe, usually causes a balmy feeling of well-being at this pressure. At a depth of 5 atmospheres, nitrogen causes symptoms resembling alcohol intoxication, known as nitrogen narcosis. Nitrogen narcosis apparently results from a direct effect on the
ain of the large amounts of nitrogen dissolved in the blood. Deep dives are less dangerous if helium is substituted for nitrogen, because under these pressures helium does not exert a similar narcotic effect.
As a scuba diver descends, the pressure of nitrogen in the lungs increases. Nitrogen then diffuses from the lungs to the blood, and from the blood to body tissues. The reverse occurs when the diver surfaces; the nitrogen pressure in the lungs falls and the nitrogen diffuses from the tissues into the blood, and from the blood into the lungs. If the return to the surface is too rapid, nitrogen in the tissues and blood cannot diffuse out rapidly enough and nitrogen bu
les are formed. They can cause severe pains, particularly around the joints.
Another complication may result if the
eath is held during ascent. During ascent from a depth of 10 meters, the volume of air in the lungs will double because the air pressure at the surface is only half of what it was at 10 meters. This change in volume may cause the lungs to distend and even rupture. This condition is called air embolism. To avoid this event, a diver must ascend slowly, never at a rate exceeding the rise of the exhaled air bu
les, and must exhale during ascent.
Question 1: The word “exert” in bold in paragraph 1 is closest in meaning to ________.
A. permit
B. cause
C. need
D. change
Question 2: What does the passage mainly discuss?
A. The equipment divers use     B. How to prepare for a deep dive
C. The symptoms of nitrogen bu
les in the bloodstream
D. The effects of pressure on gases in the human body
Question 3: The word “They” in bold in paragraph 2 refers to ________.
A. joints
B. pains
C. tissues
D. bu
les
Question 4: What happens to nitrogen in body tissues if a diver ascends too quickly?
A. It is reabso
ed by the lungs.
B. It goes directly to the
ain.
C. It forms bu
les.
D. It has a narcotic effect.
Question 5: It can be infe
ed from the passage that which of the following presents the greatest danger to a diver?
A. Nitrogen diffusion
B. An air embolism
C. Nitrogen bu
les
D. Pressurized helium
Question 6: The word “rupture” in bold in paragraph 3 is closest in meaning to _______.
A. shrink
B. burst
C. hurt
D. stop
Question 7: What should a diver do when ascending?
A. Breathe helium
B. Relax completely
C. Breathe faster
D. Rise slowly
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word that differs from the other three in the position of the primary stress in each of the following questions.
Question 8:
A. government
B. interview
C. reference
D. understand
Question 9:
A. equipment
B. scholarship
C. develop
D. discourage
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word(s) OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions.
Question 10: An employer must be very careful in dealing with subordinates and documenting their files in order to avoid complaints.
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A. bosses
B. coordinators
C. outside help
D. employees
Question 11: It’s incomprehensible to a non-addict that an illicit drug can control the life of a young abuser.
A. readable
B. favorable
C. imperative
D. understandable
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that is closest in meaning to each of the following questions.
Question 12: I should have finished my work last night but I was exhausted.
A. Last night I was exhausted but I tried to finish my work.
B. My work was finished last night but I was exhausted.
C. I did finish my work last night though I was exhausted.
D. I was exhausted so I didn’t finish my work yesterday as planned.
Question 13: The boss was annoyed that his secretary came to work late.
A. The secretary came to work late, which annoyed the boss.
B. The secretary came to work late causing annoyance.
C. That the secretary came to work late annoys the boss.
D. The boss disapproved of his secretary’s coming to work late.
Question 14: “Why don’t you choose German as your optional subject?” said Jane.
A. Jane admitted that I choose German as my optional subject.
B. Jane suggested that I choose German as my optional subject.
C. Jane reminded me of choosing German as my optional subject.
D. Jane suggested choosing German as my optional subject.
Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the co
ect word or phrase that best fits each of the numbered blanks from 15 to 19.
Fashions go round and round
Fashions have always changed with time. No (15) ______ Roman girls wo
ied about having the latest hairstyle and boys in Ancient Egypt wanted to have sandals that were cool and not the sensible ones their mothers prefe
ed.
Looking (16) _______ over recent times, there seem to be two main differences in the way fashions have changed compared to earlier times. Firstly, (17) ______ more people have a choice of clothes available to them. There are few places in the world where the trainers, the caps or the T-shirts of teenagers do not change from one year to the next. Secondly, styles are (18) ______ within a much shorter time than they used to be. For instance, in the 1960s, (19) ______ had the same low waists and na
ow skirts as forty years before.
In the early years of the 21st century, the shops are full of long skirts and coloured scarves like the ones in fashion only thirty years before. Soon, we will find that the really fashionable people look no different from the rest of us, because it is only ten years since their clothes were in fashion before!
Question 15:
A. way
B. doubt
C. chance
D. matter
Question 16:
A. about
B. round
C. behind
D. back
Question 17:
A. far
B. some
C. even
D. much
Question 18:
A. exchanged
B. returned
C. repeated
D. accepted
Question 19:
A. jackets
B. blouses
C. trousers
D. dresses
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the underlined part that needs co
ection in each of the following questions.
Question 20: A smile can be observed, described, and reliably identify; it can also be elicited and manipulated under experimental conditions.
A. identify
B. experimental
C. can also
D. A smile
Question 21: A food additive is any chemical that food manufactures intentional add to their products.
A. products
B. intentional
C. any chemical
D. additive
Question 22: A number of the American Indian languages spoken at the time of the European a
ival in the New World in the late fifteen century have become extinct.
A. spoken
B. fifteen
C. at the time
D. A number of
Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the co
ect answer to each of the questions from 23 to 30.
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There are a number of natural disasters that can strike across the globe. Two that are frequently linked to one another are earthquakes and tsunamis. Both of them can cause a great amount of devastation when they hit. However, tsunamis are the direct result of earthquakes and cannot happen without them.
The Earth has three main parts. They are the crust, the mantle, and the core. The crust is the outer layer of the Earth. It is not a single piece of land. Instead, it is comprised of a number of plates. There are a few enormous plates and many smaller ones. These plates essentially rest upon the mantle, which is fluid. As a result, the plates are in constant – yet slow – motion. The plates may move away from or toward other plates. In some cases, they collide violently with the plates adjoining them. The movement of the plates causes tension in the rock. Over a long time, this tension may build up. When it is released, an earthquake happens.
Tens of thousands of earthquakes happen every year. The vast majority are so small that only scientific instruments can perceive them. Others are powerful enough that people can feel them, yet they cause little harm or damage. More powerful earthquakes, however, can cause buildings,
idges, and other structures to collapse. They may additionally injure and skill thousands of people and might even cause the land to change it appearance.
Since most of the Earth’s surface is water, numerous earthquakes happen beneath the planet’s oceans. Underwater earthquakes cause the seafloor to move. This results in the displacement of water in the ocean. When this occurs, a tsunami may form. This is a wave that forms on the surface and moves in all directions from the place where the earthquake happened. A tsunami moves extremely quickly and can travel thousands of kilometres. As it approaches land, the water near the coast gets sucked out to sea. This causes the tsunamis to increase in height. Minutes later, the tsunami a
ives. A large tsunami – one more than ten meters in height – can travel far inland. As it does that, it can flood the land, destroy human settlements, and kill large numbers of people.
Question 23: Which of the following statements does paragraph 1 support?
A. A tsunami happens in tandem with an earthquake.
B. The most severe type of natural disaster is an earthquake.
C. Earthquakes cause more destruction than tsunamis.
D. Earthquakes frequently take place after tsunamis do.
Question 24: The word “it” in bold in paragraph 2 refers to _________.
A. The core
B. The crust
C. The Earth
D. The mantle
Question 25: What is the passage mainly about?
A. When earthquakes are the most likely to happen. C. How earthquakes and tsunamis occur.
B. What kind of damage natural disasters can cause.
D. Why tsunamis are deadlier than earthquakes.
Question 26: The word “adjoining” in bold in paragraph 2 is closest in meaning to ________.
A. residing
B. approaching
C. bordering
D. appearing
Question 27: The word “perceive” in bold in paragraph 3 is closest in meaning to ________.
A. detect
B. prevent
C. comprehend
D. locate
Question 28: Which of the following is true regarding the crust?
A. It is the smallest of the Earth’s three layers. B. It is thicker on land than it is under the water.
C. There many separate pieces that make it up.
D. The mantle beneath it keeps it from moving too much.
Question 29: Based on the passage, what is probably true about tsunamis?
A. They kill more people each year than earthquakes.
B. They are able to move as fast as the speed of sound.
C. They cannot damage ships sailing on the ocean.
D. They can be deadly to people standing near shore.
Question 30: Which of the following is NOT mentioned in paragraph 3 about earthquakes?
A. How severe the majority of them are
B. What kind of damage they can cause
C. How often powerful ones take place
D. How many people they typically kill
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word whose underlined part differs from the other three in pronunciation in each of the following questions.
Question 31:
A. nowadays
B. dykes
C. ruins
D. pesticides
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Question 32:
A. opposite
B. economic
C. appropriate
D. technology
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the most suitable response to complete the exchanges.
Question 33: - Mary: “Is it all right if I use your bike?” – Joan: “___________.”
A. Please accept it with my best wishes.
B. Go straight ahead.
C. Sure, go ahead.
D. Oh, so
y.
Question 34: - Mike: “What do you think about the election?” – Essien: “___________.”
A. I must be off. Thank you.
B. The Democratic Party had to win.
C. Really? The Republican Party won.
D. The Democratic should have won.
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that best combines each pair of sentences in the following questions.
Question 35: The leader went so fast that no one could keep up with him.
A. If only the leader had gone faster.              B. What a fast leader!
C. If the leader hadn’t gone so fast, we could have kept up with him.
D. I wish the leader could not have kept up with us.
Question 36: Mary lost the ticket. She didn’t go to the concert.
A. If Mary had lost the ticket, she would have gone to the concert.
B. Had Mary not lost the ticket, she would have gone to the concert.
C. Hadn’t Mary lost the ticket, she would have gone to the concert.
D. If Mary hadn’t lost the ticket, she would go to the concert.
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word(s) CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions.
Question 37: A magician is an entertainer who performs a series of deceptive tricks based on the principles of physics, optics, and psychology.
A. skillful
B. incomprehensible
C. misleading
D. obvious
Question 38: The adhesive qualities of this new substance far surpass those of all others of its type.
A. disintegrating
B. dissolving
C. damaging
D. sticky
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the co
ect answer to each of the following questions.
Question 39: Andrea has a ______ rug on the floor in her bedroom.
A. sheepskin lovely long white
B. long lovely white sheepskin
C. lovely long sheepskin white
D. lovely long white sheepskin
Question 40: I haven’t _______ decided where to go on holiday.
A. already
B. yet
C. still
D. just
Question 41: Computers that once took up entire rooms are now _____ to put on desktops and into wristwatches.
A. small enough
B. smaller than
C. so small
D. as small as
Question 42: The average ______ watches television for about 15 hours a week.
A. spectator
B. observer
C. audience
D. viewer
Question 43: Although Brenda came last, everyone agreed she had ______ her best.
A. had
B. got
C. done
D. made
Question 44: We didn’t _______ to the station in time to catch the train.
A. reach
B. get
C. make
D. a
ive
Question 45: Bill took not only a French class _______ a Japanese class.
A. but too
B. too
C. but also
D. and
Question 46: Sharon did not attend the meeting because she was ______ the weather.
A. under
B. in
C. due to
D. on
Question 47: One prefers to shop at Ha
ods, ______?
A. isn’t it
B. doesn’t one
C. don’t you
D. isn’t one
Question 48: How many ______ the game is still unknown.
A. fans attended
B. fans attending
C. did fans attend
D. has attended
Question 49: The second bus, _______, didn’t stop either.
A. that was full
B. what was full
C. which was full
D. that was full
Question 50: ______ here for hours and I feel tired.
A. I have stood
B. I’m standing
C. I have been standing
D. I had been standing
___________THE END____________
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