ĐỀ LUYỆN THI THPT QG 2018 152

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SỞ GD&ĐT VĨNH PHÚC TRƯỜNG THPT LIỄN SƠN (Đề thi gồm: 04 trang) ĐỀ KTCL ÔN THI THPT QUỐC GIA NĂM 2017-2018 Môn: TIẾNG ANH – ĐỀ SỐ 152 Thời gian làm bài: 60 phút, không kể thời gian phát đề Họ và tên thí sinh:……………………………………………………………………. SBD:………………………… Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the coect answer to the following questions. Sound moves form its source to the ear by wavelike fluctuations in air pressure, something like the cr

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   SỞ GD&ĐT VĨNH PHÚC
TRƯỜNG THPT LIỄN SƠN
(Đề thi gồm: 04 trang)
ĐỀ KTCL ÔN THI THPT QUỐC GIA NĂM 2017-2018
Môn: TIẾNG ANH – ĐỀ SỐ 152
Thời gian làm bài: 60 phút, không kể thời gian phát đề

 
Họ và tên thí sinh:……………………………………………………………………. SBD:…………………………
 
Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the co
ect answer to the following questions.
Sound moves form its source to the ear by wavelike fluctuations in air pressure, something like the crests and troughs of ocean waves. Once way to keep from hearing sound is to use ear plugs. Another way is to cancel out the sound with anti-sound. Using a noisemarker controlled by a microprocessor, engineers have produced sound waves that are half a wavelength out of phase with those of the noise to be quieted-each crest is matched to a trough, and vice versa. Once the researchers have recorded the offending sound, a microprocessor calculates the amplitude and wavelength of sound that will cancel out the crests and troughs of noise. It then produces an electric cu
ent that is amplified and fed to a loudspeaker, which produces anti-sound and wipes out the noise. If the anti-sound goes out of synchronization, a microphone picks up the leftover sound and sends it back to the microprocessor, which changes the phase of the anti- sound just enough to cause complete silence.
The research team has concentrated on eliminating low-frequency noise from ship engines, which causes fatigue that can impair the efficiency and alertness of the crew, and may mask the warning sounds of alarm and fog signals.
 
Question 1. What is the main purpose of the passage?
A. To discuss a physical handicap   B. To warn about a growing danger
C. To describe the structure of the ear  D. To report on a new invention
Question 2.  The passage compares sound to_________.
A. the rising and falling of water in the ocean  B. the crests and valleys of mountain ranges
C. a flag waving in the air                 D. a machine for gauging air pressure
Question 3. The passage discusses a way to deal with an offensive noise by_________.
A. diverting people's attention from it  B. masking it with a louder noise
C. canceling it out electronically   D. removing its source
Question 4. The microprocessor described in the passage will probably be used for_________.
A. composing music     B. repairing alarm systems
C. eliminating engine noises   D. intensifying for warning sounds
Question 5. The researcher mentioned in the passage are concerned about unwanted noise because it can_______. A. cause deafness                                           B. create hazardous working conditions
C. influence ocean waves    D. damage loudspeakers and sound equipment
Question 6.  According to the passage, what group of people will probably first from the use of the microprocessor?
A. Ship's crews  B. Research engineers C. People with insomnia  D. Engine repair teams
Question 7. A paragraph following the passage would most probably discuss_________.
A. the nature of fog     B. a way to improve alarm systems
C. other causes of fatigue    D. other uses for the microprocessor
 
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the sentence that is closest in meaning to each of the following questions.
Question 8: Right after Helen went out for tea, David came by her house.
A No sooner had Helen went out for tea then David came by her house.
B Hardly had Helen went out for tea than David came by her house.
C No sooner had Helen went out for tea when David came by her house.
D Hardly had Helen gone out for tea when David came by her house.
Question 9: She said, “John, I’ll show you round my city when you’re here.”
A. She made a trip round her city with John. B. She promised to show John round her city.
C. She planned to show John round her city. D. She organized a trip round her city for John.
Question 10:   It is expected that tax increases will be announced in tomo
ow’s budget.
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A. Tax increases are expected to be announced in tomo
ow’s budget.
B. They expected that tax will be increased in tomo
ow’s budget.
C. Tax increases is expected to announced in tomo
ow’s budget.
D. They expect that tax increases are announced in tomo
ow’s budget
 
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the sentence that best combines each pair of sentences in the following questions.
Question 11: He felt very tired. However, he was determined to continue to climb up the mountain.           A. He felt so tired that he was determined to continue to climb up the mountain.           B. Feeling very tired, he was determined to continue to climb up the mountain.           C. As the result of his tiredness, he was determined to continue to climb up the mountain.           D. Tired as he might feel, he was determined to continue to climb up the mountain.
Question 12: It was raining. That’s the only reason I didn’t take the children to the beach.
A. If it hadn’t been raining, I would take the children to the beach.
B. But for it raining, I would take the children to the beach.
 C. It was raining; otherwise I would have taken the children to the beach.
 D. It is raining so hard that I can’t take the children to the beach.
 
Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the co
ect word for each of the blanks.
When you wave to a friend, you are using sign language. When you smile at someone, you mean to be (13)______. When you put one finger in front of your (14)______, you mean, "Be quiet." Yet, people in different countries may use different sign languages. Once an Englishman was in Italy he could speak a little Italian. One day while he was walking in the street, he felt (15)______ and went into a restaurant. When the waiter came, the Englishman opened his mouth, put his fingers into it and took them out again and moved his lips. In this way, he meant to say, "Bring me something to eat." But the waiter
ought him a lot of things to (16)______: first tea, then coffee, then milk, but no food. The Englishman was so
y that he was not able to tell the waiter he was hungry. He was eardy to leave the restaurant. When another man came in and put his hands on his stomach. And this sign was (17)______ enough for the waiter. In a few minutes, the waiter
ought him a large plate of
ead and meat. At last, the Englishman had his meal in the same way.
 
Question 13:  A. well   B. friendly  C. fine   D. careful
Question 14: A. eyes    B. legs   C. mouth  D. head
Question 15: A. hungry     B. tired  C. cold   D. ill
Question 16: A. eat    B. watch  C. drink  D. read
Question 17: A. quick   B. big   C. strong  D. clear
 
Mark the letter A, B , C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the co
ect answer to each of the following questions.
Question 18: The Foreign Ministries of Vietnam and Mexico agreed_______ measures to boost the bilateral cooperation between the two nations.
A. to take  B. taking                     C. to be taken  D. being taken
Question 19: Many workers switch from the day_______ to the night one with difficulties.
A. light   B. shift   C. hour   D. period
Question 20: The Internet enables users of computers to_______ information in a variety of forms.
A. share   B. divide   C. cut    D. tell
Question 21: Women in American have a lot of_______ freedom.
A. personal   B. physical   C. human   D. technical
Question 22: The survey was to find out the young people’s attitudes_______ love and ma
iage.
A. towards   B. above   C. beneath   D. with
Question 23: John_______ the keys. I cannot see it anywhere.
A. should have taken B. could have taken  C. must have taken       D. needn't have taken.
Question 24: I would really like to join you on a skiing trip but I can't do it until I_______ my thesis.
A. will finish   B. finished   C. have finished  D. will have finished
Question 25: ________  he studied hard, he didn't pass his final exams.
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A. Although   B. No matter   C. Because   D. However.
Question 26: Air_______ in Hanoi is worsening and has reached dangerous levels this week.
A. pollution  B. pollutants  C. polluted  D. Polluteness
Question 27: My new glasses cost me_______ the pair that I bought last month.
A. more than three times    B. three times as much as
C. as much three times as    D. more three times than
Question 28: The woman_______ last week has been freed by the police.
A. a
ested   B. was a
ested  C. a
esting   D. who a
ested.
Question 29: Why don't you raise your hand to_______ the teacher's attention in stead of shouting like this? A. attract                             B. pull                                           C. draw                             D. capture
 
Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the most suitable response to complete each of the following exchanges
Question 30: Andy: “How well you are playing!”  Bob: - “___________.”
 A. Say it again. I like to hear your words. B. I think so. I am proud of myself
 C. Thank you so much.   D. Many thanks. That is a nice compliment
Question 31: Daniel: “Would you mind if I smoked?” Blind: - “____________”
 A. Yes, please don’t B. Not at all  C. Yes, please do D. No, please!
 
Mark  the  letter  A,  B,  C,  or  D  on  your  answer  sheet  to  indicate  the  word  that  is OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined part in the following questions
Question 32: School uniform is compulsory in most of Vietnamese schools
 A. depended  B. optinal  C. divided  D. paid
Question 33: When being interviewed, you should concentrate on what the interviewer is saying or asking you
 A. be related to  B. be interested in  C. not pay all attention to D. express interest to
 
Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C or D to indicate the co
ect answer to each of the questions. 
 Whether one is awake or asleep, the
ain emits electrical waves. These waves occur in predictable sleep cycles that can be measured with an electroencephalograph, known more commonly as an EEG. During wakefulness, the waves are recorded at about ten small waves per second, but with the onset of sleep, the waves become larger and slower. The largest, slowest waves occur during the first three hours of sleep when mental activity slows down but does not stop. In fact, if awakened from slow-wave sleep, a person can often remember vague thoughts that occu
ed during that period of sleep, but the sleeper does not generally dream. Refe
ed to as NREM or non-REM sleep, it is characterized by large, slow waves.
  During sleep, intervals of small, fast waves also occur in patterns similar to those experienced while awake. The eyes move rapidly, and it appears to the observer that the sleeper is watching some event. Sleepers who are awakened during this rapid-eye-movement sleep will often recall the details of dreams they have been having. Sleep of this kind is called dreaming sleep or rapid-eye-movement sleep, also known as REM sleep. REM sleep is emotionally charged. The heart beats i
egularly, and blood pressure may be elevated. In contrast, the body is so still that the dreamer may appear to be paralyzed.
  In a period of eight hours, most sleepers experience from three to five instances of REM sleep. Each instance lasts from five to thirty minutes with an interval of at least ninety minutes between each one. Later instances of REM sleep are usually of longer duration than are instances earlier in the eight-hour period.
  Since people who suffer sleep deprivation experience fatigue, i
itability, and loss of concentration, we must conclude that sleep is essential because in some way it regenerates the
ain and the nervous system. NREM sleep increases after physical exertion, whereas REM sleep tends to increase after a stressful day. Studies suggest that non-REM sleep may be especially helpful in restoring muscle control, whereas REM sleep may be more important in revitalizing mental activity. It appears that both kinds of sleep are necessary, and the recuperation of sleep of one kind will not compensate for a lack of the other kind of sleep.
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Question 34: What is the author’s main purpose in the passage?
A. To describe REM sleep  
B. To explain sleep deprivation
C. To discuss the two types of sleep 
D. To recommend an increase in the number of hours of sleep
Question 35: The word “vague” in line 4 could best be replaced by
A. familiar  B. indefinite  C. unpleasant  D. detailed
Question 36: How many times per night do most sleepers experience REM sleep?
A. Eight  B. Three to five C. Five to thirty D. Ninety
Question 37: The word “essential” is closest in meaning to
A. planned   B. natural   C. interesting   D. necessary
Question 38: Which response is NOT typical of REM sleep?
A. I
egular heartbeat    B. Dreams and visions
C. Movements in arms and legs   D. Higher blood pressure
Question 39: The word “it” refers to
 A. deprivation B. the
ain   C. sleep   D. concentration
Question 40:  What does sleeplessness result in?
A. tiredness, i
itability, and loss of concentration B. fatigue, wo
y and loss of attention
C. tiredness, i
itability and concentration   D. fatigue, i
itability and concentration
Question 41: It can be infe
ed from the passage that students who are writing term papers
 A. require slow-wave sleep to increase mental activity
B. can stay up all night working and recover the sleep they need by sleeping for a few hours the next afternoon.
C. need REM sleep to restore mental functioning
D. do not need as much sleep because of the heightened
ain waves involved in creative activity.
 
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to show the underlined part that needs co
ection.
Question 42: Both bowling and ice-skating was introduced by the Dutch who colonized the New World in the 1600's.
     A. Both   B. was introduced C. who   D. colonized
Question 43: The number of women earning Master's Degrees have risen sharply in recent years.
A. The number of  B. earning   C. have risen  D. recent years
Question 44: There are many ways to preserve fruit, for example freezing, canning and to dry.
A. There are   B. to    C. fruit   D. to dry
 
Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word whose underlined part differs from the other three in pronunciation in each of the following question.
Question 45:  A. accurate      B. account                  C. accept                              D. accuse
Question 46:  A. talks       B. takes                               C. decides                               D. completes
 
Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word  having different stress from the others in each of the following questions.
Question 47: A. rapidly     B. comfortably   C. fluently                       D. engineer
Question 48: A. politician    B. genetics  C. artificial                               D. controversial
 
Mark the letter A,  B, C, or D on your answer  sheet to indicate the word or phrase  CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined part in the following questions
Question 49: Whenever problems come up, we discuss them frankly and find solutions quickly.
      A. a
ive    B. encounter    C. happen    D. clean
Question 50: Around 150 B.C. the Greek astronomer Hipparchus developed a system to classify stars according to
ightness.
  A. shine  B. record  C. categorize  D. diversify
___________THE END____________
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