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ĐỀ ĐÁNH GIÁ NĂNG LỰC

 

 

 

(Đề thi có 50 câu / 7 trang)

 KÌ THI TRUNG HỌC PHỔ THÔNG QUỐC GIA NĂM 2017

Môn: TIẾNG ANH

Thời gian làm bài: 60 phút, không kể thời gian phát đề

 

 

 

 

ĐỀ THI GỒM 50 QUESTION (TỪ QUESTION 1 ĐẾN QUESTION 50)

Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word that is closest in meaning to the underlined part in each of the following questions.
Question 1. She had no qualms about lying to the police.
     A. distress   B. impunity   C. persevere   D. scruple
Question 2. Her impersonations of our teachers were a source of considerable mirth.
     A. anger   B. glee   C. sarcasm   D. mistrust

 

Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word that is opposite in meaning to the underlined part in each of the following questions.
Question 3. I was not dreaming," I said, with some warmth, for her brazen coolness provoked me.
     A. bashful   B. boisterous   C. noisy   D. heated
Question 4. Without demur, then, she turned and accompanied the rascally Malay toward the harbour.
     A. embrace  B. crude   C. boisterous   D. falter

 

Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word that differs from the rest in the position of the main stress in each of the following questions.
Question 5.    A. vocabulary   B. influential   C. engineering  D. biological
Question 6.     A. referee   B. electrician   C. manufacture  D. immortal

 

Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to show the underlined part that needs correction

Question 7. A paragraph is a portion of a text consists of one or more sentences related to the same idea.

       A                 B    C    D

Question 8. Students should be encouraged to discuss critically about the information that they are given.

    A         B             C         D

Question 9. Neither of the scout leaders know how to trap wild animals or how to prepare them for

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ĐỀ ĐÁNH GIÁ NĂNG LỰC

 

 

 

(Đề thi có 50 câu / 7 trang)

 KÌ THI TRUNG HỌC PHỔ THÔNG QUỐC GIA NĂM 2017

Môn: TIẾNG ANH

Thời gian làm bài: 60 phút, không kể thời gian phát đề

 

 

 

 

ĐỀ THI GỒM 50 QUESTION (TỪ QUESTION 1 ĐẾN QUESTION 50)

Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word that is closest in meaning to the underlined part in each of the following questions.
Question 1. She had no qualms about lying to the police.
     A. distress   B. impunity   C. persevere   D. scruple
Question 2. Her impersonations of our teachers were a source of considerable mirth.
     A. anger   B. glee   C. sarcasm   D. mistrust

 

Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word that is opposite in meaning to the underlined part in each of the following questions.
Question 3. I was not dreaming," I said, with some warmth, for her brazen coolness provoked me.
     A. bashful   B. boisterous   C. noisy   D. heated
Question 4. Without demur, then, she turned and accompanied the rascally Malay toward the harbour.
     A. embrace  B. crude   C. boisterous   D. falter

 

Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word that differs from the rest in the position of the main stress in each of the following questions.
Question 5.    A. vocabulary   B. influential   C. engineering  D. biological
Question 6.     A. referee   B. electrician   C. manufacture  D. immortal

 

Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to show the underlined part that needs correction

Question 7. A paragraph is a portion of a text consists of one or more sentences related to the same idea.

       A                 B    C    D

Question 8. Students should be encouraged to discuss critically about the information that they are given.

    A         B             C         D

Question 9. Neither of the scout leaders know how to trap wild animals or how to prepare them for

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     A            B            C     D

mounting.

 

Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the following questions from 10 to 16.

In addition to providing energy, fats have several other functions in the body. The fat soluble vitamins, A, D, E and K, are dissolved in fats, as their name implies. Good sources of these vitamins have high oil or fat content, and the vitamins are stored in the body’s fatty tissues. In the diet, fats cause food to remain longer in the stomach, this increasing the feeling of fullness for some time after a meal is eaten. Fats add variety, taste, and texture to foods, which accounts for the popularity of fried foods. Fatty deposits in the body have an insulating and protective value. The curves of the human female body are due mostly to strategically located fat deposits.

Whether a certain amount of fat in the diet is essential to human health is not definitely known. When rats are fed a fat-free diet, their growth eventually ceases, their skin becomes inflamed and scaly, and their reproductive systems are damaged. Two fatty acids, linoleic and arachidonic acids, prevent these abnormalities and hence are called essential fatty acids. They also are required by a number of other animals but their roles in human beings are debatable. Most nutritionists consider linoleic fatty acid an essential nutrient for humans.

 

Question 10. This passage probably appeared in which of the following?
     A. A diet book     B. A book on basic nutrition
     C. A cookbook     D. A popular women’s magazine
Question 11. The phrase “stored in” in lines 3 is closest in meaning to _____.
     A. manufactured in    B. attached to
     C. measured by     D. accumulated
Question 12. The author states that fats serve all the following body function EXCEPT to_____.
     A. promote a feeling of fullness   B. insulate and protect the body
     C. provide energy     D. control weight gain
Question 13. According to the author of the passage, which of the following is true for rats when they are fed a fat free diet?
     A. They stop growing    B. They have more babies
     C. They lose body hair    D. They require less care
Question 14. Linoleic fatty acid is mentioned in the passage as _____.
     A. an essential nutrient for humans
     B. more useful than arachidonic acid
    

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C. preventing weight gain in rats
     D. a nutrient found in most food
Question 15. The phrase “these abnormalities” in line 11 refers to _____.
     A. a condition caused by fried food
     B. strategically located fat deposits
     C. curves on the human female body
     D. cessation of growth, bad skin, and damaged reproductive systems
Question 16. That humans should all have some fat in our diet is, according to the author
     A. a commonly held view    B. not yet a proven fact

     C. only true for women    D. proven to be true by experiments on rats

 

Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the best option for each of the blanks.

From the seeds themselves to the machinery, fertilizers and pesticides - The Green Revolution regimen depend heavily on technology. One (17) ________, however, depends much more on technology - organic farming. Many organic farmers use machinery, but (18) _______ chemical fertilizers or pesticides. (19) ________ chemical soil enrichers, they use animal manure and plant parts not used as food - natural, organic fertilizers that are clearly a renewable (20) _______. Organic farmers also use alternatives for pesticides; for example, they may rely (21) _______ natural predators of certain insect pests. Then, the need arises, they can buy the eggs and larvae of these natural predators and introduce them into their crop fields.

Question 17.     A. alternative  B. alternate   C. alteration   D. alternation
Question 18.     A. also   B. for    C. not    D. all
Question 19.     A. In spite of  B. On account of  C. In favour of  D. Instead of
Question 20.     A. resource   B. source   C. matter   D. substance
Question 21.     A. of    B. to    C. on    D. in

 

Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the following questions from 22 to 28.

An air pollutant is defined as a compound added directly or indirectly by humans to the atmosphere in such quantities as to affect humans, animals, vegetation, or materials adversely. Air pollution requires a very flexible definition that permits continuous change. When the first air pollution laws were established in England in the fourteenth century, air pollutants were limited to compounds that could be seen or smelled - a far cry from the extensive list of harmful substances known today. As technology has developed and knowledge of the health aspects of various chemicals has increased, the list of air pollutants has lengthened. In the future, even water vapor might be considered an air pollutant under certain conditions.

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Many of the more important air pollutants, such as sulfur oxides, carbon monoxide, and nitrogen oxides, are found in nature. As the Earth developed, the concentration of these pollutants was altered by various chemical reactions; they became components in biogeochemical cycles. These serve as an air purification scheme by allowing the compounds to move from the air to the water or soil. On a global basis, nature's output of these compounds dwarfs that resulting from human activities.

However, human production usually occurs in a localized area, such as a city. In such a region, human output may be dominant and may temporarily overload the natural purification scheme of the cycles. The result is an increased concentration of noxious chemicals in the air. The concentrations at which the adverse effects appear will be greater than the concentrations that the pollutants would have in the absence of human activities. The actual concentration need not be large for a substance to be a pollutant; in fact, the numerical value tells us little until we know how much of an increase this represents over the concentration that would occur naturally in the area. For example, sulfur dioxide has detectable health effects at 0.08 parts per million (ppm), which is about 400 times its natural level. Carbon monoxide, however, has a natural level of 0.1 ppm and is not usually a pollutant until its level reaches about 15 ppm.

 

Question 22. What does the passage mainly discuss?
     A. The economic impact of air pollution.
     B. What constitutes an air pollutant.
     C. How much harm air pollutants can cause.
     D. The effects of compounds added to the atmosphere.
Question 23. It can be inferred from the first paragraph that _____.
     A. water vapor is an air pollutant in localized areas
     B. most air pollutants today can be seen or smelled
     C. the definition of air pollution will continue to change
     D. a substance becomes an air pollutant only in cities
Question 24. For which of the following reasons can natural pollutants play an important role in controlling air pollution?
     A. They function as part of a purification process.
     B. They occur in greater quantities than other pollutants.
     C. They are less harmful to living beings than other pollutants.
     D. They have existed since the Earth developed.
Question 25. According to the passage, human-generated air pollution in localized regions _____.

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     A. can be dwarfed by nature's output of pollutants
     B. can overwhelm the natural system that removes pollutants
     C. will damage areas outside of the localized regions
     D. will react harmfully with natural pollutants
Question 26. The word “localized” in the third paragraph is closest in meaning to _____.
     A. specified   B. circled   C. surrounded   D. encircled
Question 27. According to the passage, the numerical value of the concentration level of a
substance is only useful if _____.
     A. the other substances in the area are known  B. it is in a localized area
     C. the natural level is also known    D. it can be calculated quickly
Question 28. Which of the following is best supported by the passage?
     A. To effectively control pollution, local government should regularly review their air pollution laws.
     B. One of the most important steps in preserving natural lands is to better enforce air pollution laws.
     C. Scientists should be consulted in order to establish uniform limits for all air pollutants.
     D. Human activities have been effective in reducing air pollution.

 

Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the following questions.

Question 29. The woman _______ someone had stolen her purse, but although they searched everyone in the shop, it wasn't found.

     A. accused    B. enforced   C. claimed   D. warned
Question 30. As I was _______ of the change in the program, I arrived half an hour late for the rehearsal.
     A. unaware   B. unconscious  C. unable   D. unreasonable
Question 31. The Best Invention _______ this year was given to Jason Meyers.
     A. Reward    B. Brand   C. Factor   D. Award
Question 32. On Christmas Eve, the _______ family gathers for dinner, usually at my grandmother's house.
     A. mere    B. entire   C. total   D. complete
Question 33. When the first Chinese restaurants opened in Greece, it was very difficult to get fresh _______ of Chinese vegetables.
     A. provisions   B. materials   C. supplies   D. ingredients
Question 34. I find mending old socks incredibly _______, that's why I always ask my mother to do it for me.
     A. hilarious   B. tedious   C. furious   D. recreational
Question 35. Megan solved her computer problem quite _______ as she happened to mention it to a friend who had had the same problem and told her what to do.
    

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A. occasionally   B. clumsily   C. accidentally  D. attentively
Question 36. Bill Gates is probably the best known and most successful _______ in computer software.
     A. pioneer    B. navigator   C. generator   D. volunteer
Question 37. My mother often _______ our mistakes, whereas my father is very strict and punishes us for even the slightest one.
    A. passes    B. neglects   C. avoids   D. overlooks
Question 38. When I joined the army, I found it difficult to _______ out orders from my superiors, but I soon got used to it.
     A. call    B. carry   C. miss   D. take
Question 39. After nine months without any rain, the country was facing one of the worst _______ in the last fifty years.
     A. draughts   B. floods   C. eruptions   D. droughts
Question 40. What I like about this restaurant is that there is _______ parking space right outside it.
     A. plenty    B. ample   C. expanded   D. big

 

Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the most suitable response to complete each of the following exchanges.

Question 41. – “Thanks for the lovely evening.”   – “_____.”
     A. Yes, it's really great    B. No, it's not good
     C. Oh, that's right     D. I'm glad you enjoyed it
Question 42. – “What do you usually do on your day off?” – “_____.”
     A. I usually drive to work    B. I will sleep all day.
     C. I usually do not much    D. Nothing much. I always sleep until noon

 

Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that best combines each pair of sentences in the following questions.

Question 43. I had never seen her before. However, I recognized her from a photograph.
     A. Although I had never seen her before, I recognized her from a photograph.
     B. I recognized her from a photograph before I had never seen her.
     C. Although I had never seen her before but I recognized her from a photograph.
     D. After I had seen her, I recognized her from a photograph.
Question 44. The human brain is ten times the size of a baboon’s. It weighs about 1,400 grams.
     A. The size of human brain is ten times that of a baboon’s which is about 1,400 grams weigh.
     B. The human brain, which weighs about 1,400 grams, is ten times the size of a baboon’s.

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     C. The size of a baboon’s brain is 1,400 grams, ten times that of the human one.
     D. The weight of a baboon’s brain is 1,400 grams, ten-fold than that of the human one.

 

Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that is closest in meaning to each of the following questions.

Question 45. Tom has the ability to be a professional musician, but he’s too lazy to practice.
     A. He is talented but he’ll never be a professional musician as he doesn’t practice.
     B. As a professional musician he is not lazy to practice music lessons.
     C. He is able to practice music lessons professionally though he is lazy.
     D. Though practicing lazily, he is a professional musician.
Question 46. David broke his leg and couldn’t play in the final.
     A. David couldn’t play in the final due to his broken leg.
     B. If David hadn’t broken his leg, he could play in the final now
     C. If David didn’t break his leg, he could play in the final.
     D. But for his broken leg, David couldn’t have played in the final.
Question 47. My father couldn’t stand Tom’s behavior.
     A. My father found Tom’s behavior intolerant
     B. My father found Tom’s behavior intolerable
     C. My father was tolerant towards Tom’s behavior
     D. Tom’s behavior was not tolerable
Question 48. Cultures vary from country to country.
     A. Cultures are different in different countries.
     B. There are different cultures in one country
     C. Culture differences are based on countries
     D. Cultures move from one country to another.

 

Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the underlined sound that is pronounced differently from the rest
Question 49.    A. slaughter   B. draught   C. naughty   D. plaudit
Question 50.    A. but   B. bury   C. nut    D. young

 

 

 

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Đáp án

Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word that is closest in meaning to the underlined part in each of the following questions.
 

1. Đáp án: D
- distress (n): sự phiền muộn, buồn rầu
- impunity (n): sự miễn tội
- persevere (n): sự bền lòng, kiên trì
- scruple (n) = qualm (n): sự do dự, ngần ngại
 

2. Đáp án: B
- anger (n): sự tức giận
- glee (n) = mirth (n): sự vui vẻ, hoan hỉ
- sarcasm (n): sự mỉa mai
- mistrust (n): sự ngờ vực

 

Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word that is opposite in meaning to the underlined part in each of the following questions.
3. Đáp án: A
- bashful (adj): rụt rè, bẽn lẽn >< brazen (adj): trơ trẽn, vô liêm sỉ
- boisterous (adj): huyên náo, ồn ào
- noisy (adj): ồn ào
- heated (adj): nổi nóng, cáu gắt
 

4. Đáp án: A
- embrace (n): sự đón nhận, nắm bắt >< demur (n): sự phản kháng, kháng cự
- crude (adj): thô tục
- boisterous (adj): huyên náo, ồn ào
- falter (v): ngập ngừng, chao đảo

 

Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word that differs from the rest in the position of the main stress in each of the following questions.
5. Đáp án: A
- vo’cabulary (n): từ vựng
- influ’ential (adj): có sức ảnh hưởng
- engi’neering (n): ngành kĩ thuật
- bio’logical (adj): thuộc về sinh học

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6. Đáp án: D
- refe’ree (n): trọng tài
- elec’trician (n): thợ điện
- manu’facture (n): sự chế tạo, sự sản xuất
- im’mortal (adj): bất tử, bất diệt

 

Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to show the underlined part that needs correction

7. B
Câu đầy đủ: A paragraph is a portion of a text. A paragraph consists of one or more sentences related to the same idea.
Nối 2 câu bằng mệnh đề quan hệ: A paragraph is a portion of a text THAT/WHICH CONSISTS of one or more sentences related to the same idea.
Mệnh đề quan hệ dạng rút gọn (nghĩa chủ động): A paragraph is a portion of a text
CONSISTING of one or more sentences related to the same idea.
Chữa lỗi: consists of that consists of/ which consists of
(hoặc: consists of consisting of)
Dịch: Một đoạn văn là một phần của văn bản mà bao gồm một hoặc nhiều câu văn cùng liên quan tới một ý tưởng.

 

8. C
discuss sth: bàn luận điều gì
Chữa lỗi: bỏ “about”
Dịch: Học sinh/ sinh viên nên được khuyến khích bàn luận có tính phê bình các thông tin mà họ được cho.

 

9. B
Chữa lỗi: know knows
Neither (of the) + N dạng số nhiều + V chia số ít
Không ai trong số những người hướng đạo sinh biết cách bẫy thú hoang hoặc căng da của chúng lên (để trưng bày).

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Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the following questions from 10 to 16.
10.B
Đề: Bài luận này có thể xuất hiện trên…
A. sách về ăn kiêng
B. sách về dinh dưỡng cơ bản
C. sách dạy nấu ăn
D. một tạp chí phụ nữ nổi tiếng

 

11.D
Đề: Cụm từ “stored in” (chứa đựng/dự trữ trong) ở dòng 3 sát nghĩa nhất với…
A. sản xuất ở
B. gắn/đính kèm với
C. đo lường bởi
D. tích trữ, tích luỹ

 

12.D
Đề: Tác giả chỉ ra rằng, các chất béo phụ vụ các chức năng cơ thể sau đây, NGOẠI TRỪ…
A. tạo cảm giác no
B. bao bọc và bảo vệ cơ thể
C. cung cấp năng lượng
D. điều khiển/kiểm soát sự tăng cân

 

13.A
Đề: Theo tác giả bài luận, ý nào sau đây đúng với chuột khi chúng được cho ăn chế độ không chất béo?
A. Chúng ngừng lớn lên
B. Chúng sinh đẻ nhiều hơn
C. Chúng bị rụng lông
D. Chúng đòi hỏi ít sự chăm sóc hơn
Câu 2 đoạn 2: “When rats are fed a fat-free diet, their growth eventually ceases, their skin becomes inflamed and scaly, and their reproductive systems are damaged.”
Dịch: Khi chuột được cho ăn chế độ không chất béo, sự tăng trưởng của chúng ngừng lại, da của chúng bị viêm và có vảy, và hệ sinh sản của chúng bị hư hại.

 

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Đề thi thử môn Tiếng Anh có lời giải chi tiết (Đề số 10)

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