De thi thu THPT QG Anh 2018 (lan 1)

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BỘ GIÁO DỤC VÀ ĐÀO TẠO  
ĐỀ THI THAM KHẢO  
KỲ THI TRUNG HỌC PHỔ THÔNG QUỐC GIA NĂM 2018  
Bài thi: NGOẠI NGỮ; Môn thi: TIẾNG ANH  
Thời gian làm bài: 60 phút, không kể thời gian phát đề  
(Đề thi có 06 trang)  
Họ, tên thí sinh: .........................................................................  
Số báo danh: .............................................................................  
Mã đề thi 001  
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word that differs from the  
other three in the position of primary stress in each of the following questions.  
Question 1. A. legal  
Question 2. A. interview B. compliment  
B. diverse  
C. polite  
C. sacrifice  
D. complete  
D. represent  
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word whose underlined part  
differs from the other three in pronunciation in each of the following questions.  
Question 3. A. mood  
Question 4. A. listens  
B. flood  
B. reviews  
C. spoon  
C. protects  
D. moon  
D. enjoys  
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the co
ect answer to each of the  
following questions.  
Question 5. If he were younger, he ______ a professional running competition now.  
A. will join C. would have joined D. would join  
B. had joined  
Question 6. The children ______ to bed before their parents came home from work.  
A. were all going  
C. had all been going  
B. had all gone  
D. have all gone  
Question 7. Linda refused ______ in the musical performance because she was sick.  
A. to participate  
Question 8. There has been little rain in this area for months, ______?  
A. has it B. has there C. hasn’t it  
B. participate  
C. participating  
D. to participating  
D. hasn’t there  
Question 9. David was deported on account of his expired visa. He ______ it renewed.  
A. must have had  
B. should have had  
C. needn’t have had  
D. mightn’t have had  
Question 10. The proposal ______ by the environmentalists to grow more trees has received  
approval from the council.  
A. which suggested  
B. be suggested  
C. suggested  
D. was suggested  
Question 11. Project-based learning provides wonderful opportunities for students to develop their  
_
_____.  
A. creative  
B. creativity  
C. create  
D. creatively  
D. decision  
Question 12. Violent films may have a negative ______ on children.  
A. opinion B. influence C. dependence  
Question 13. A good leader should not be conservative, but rather ______ to new ideas.  
A. receptive B. acceptable C. permissive D. applicable  
Question 14. ______ individuals are those who share the same ho
ies, interests, or points of view.  
A. Light-hearted B. Like-minded C. Even-handed D. Open-minded  
Question 15. The child has no problem reciting the poem; he has ______ it to memory.  
A. devoted B. added C. committed D. admitted  
Question 16. After several injuries and failures, things have eventually ______ for Todd when he  
reached the final round of the tournament.  
A. looked up  
B. gone on  
C. taken up  
D. turned on  
Trang 1/6 - Mã đề thi 001  




Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word(s) CLOSEST in meaning  
to the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions.  
Question 17. The first few days at university can be very daunting, but with determination and  
positive attitude, freshmen will soon fit in with the new environment.  
A. interesting  
Question 18. Deforestation may seriously jeopardize the habitat of many species in the local area.  
A. do harm to B. set fire to C. give rise to D. make way for  
B. memorable  
C. serious  
D. depressing  
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word(s) OPPOSITE in  
meaning to the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions.  
Question 19. In this writing test, candidates will not be penalized for minor mechanical mistakes.  
A. punished  
B. rewarded  
C. motivated  
D. discouraged  
Question 20. After their long-standing conflict had been resolved, the two families decided to bury  
the hatchet.  
A. become enemies  
C. give up weapons  
B. become friends  
D. reach an agreement  
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that best completes  
each of the following exchanges.  
Question 21. John and Mary are talking about what to do after class.  
John: “______”  
Mary: “Yes, I’d love to.”  
A. Do you often have time for a drink after class? B. Would you like to have a drink after class?  
C. Do you often go out for a drink after class?  
D. Would you like tea or coffee after class?  
Question 22. Paul and Daisy are discussing life in the future.  
Paul: “I believe space travel will become more affordable for many people in the future.”  
Daisy: “______”  
A. It doesn’t matter at all.  
B. There’s no doubt about that.  
D. I am so
y to hear that.  
C. It is very kind of you to say so.  
Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the  
co
ect word or phrase that best fits each of the numbered blanks from 23 to 27.  
GOOD FRIENDS  
Psychologists have long known that having a set of cherished companions is crucial to  
mental well-being. A recent study by Australian investigators concluded that our friends even help  
to (23) ______ our lives. The study concentrated (24) ______ the social environment, general  
health, and lifestyle of 1,477 persons older than 70 years. The participants were asked how much  
contact they had with friends, children, relatives and acquaintances.  
Researchers were surprised to learn that friendships increased life (25) ______ to a far  
greater extent than frequent contact with children and other relatives. This benefit held true even  
after these friends had moved away to another city and was independent of factors such as socio-  
economic status, health, and way of life. According to scientists, the ability to have relationships  
with people to (26) ______ one is important has a positive effect on physical and mental health.  
Stress and tendency towards depression are reduced, and behaviours that are damaging to health,  
such as smoking and drinking, occur less frequently. (27) _______, our support networks, in times  
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of calamity in particular, can raise our moods and feelings of self-worth and offer helpful strategies  
for dealing with difficult personal challenges.  
(Source: Academic Vocabulary in Use by Michael McCarthy and Felicity O’Dell)  
Question 23. A. prolong  
Question 24. A. in  
B. lengthen  
B. with  
C. stretch  
C. on  
D. expand  
D. at  
Question 25. A. expectation  
Question 26. A. who  
B. insurance  
B. whom  
C. expectancy  
C. what  
D. assurance  
D. that  
Question 27. A. Otherwise  
B. For example  
C. Moreover  
D. However  
Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the  
co
ect answer to each of the questions from 28 to 34.  
We get great pleasure from reading. The more advanced a man is, the greater delight he will  
find in reading. The ordinary man may think that subjects like philosophy or science are very  
difficult and that if philosophers and scientists read these subjects, it is not for pleasure. But this is  
not true. The mathematician finds the same pleasure in his mathematics as the school boy in an  
adventure story. For both, it is a play of the imagination, a mental recreation and exercise.  
The pleasure derived from this activity is common to all kinds of reading. But different  
types of books give us different types of pleasure. First in order of popularity is novel-reading.  
Novels contain pictures of imaginary people in imaginary situations, and give us an opportunity of  
escaping into a new world very much like our world and yet different from it. Here we seem to live  
a new life, and the experience of this new life gives us a thrill of pleasure.  
Next in order of popularity are travel books, biographies and memoirs. These tell us tales of  
places we have not seen and of great men in whom we are interested. Some of these books are as  
wonderful as novels, and they have an added value that they are true. Such books give us  
knowledge, and we also find immense pleasure in knowing details of lands we have not seen and of  
great men we have only heard of.  
Reading is one of the greatest enjoyments of life. To book-lovers, nothing is more  
fascinating than a favorite book. And, the ordinary educated man who is interested and abso
ed in  
his daily occupation wants to occasionally escape from his drudgery into the wonderland of books  
for recreation and refreshment.  
(Source: http://www.importantindia.com)  
Question 28. What does the passage mainly discuss?  
A. Different types of books  
B. Different kinds of reading  
C. Reading as an exercise for the
ain  
D. Reading as a pleasurable activity  
Question 29. According to paragraph 1, which of the following is NOT true?  
A. Ordinary people may think that philosophy and science are difficult.  
B. Reading about mathematics is mentally entertaining for a mathematician.  
C. Philosophers and scientists do not read for pleasure.  
D. A more advanced person takes greater pleasure in reading.  
Question 30. The word “derived” in paragraph 2 is closest in meaning to ______.  
A. differed  
Question 31. The word “it” in paragraph 2 refers to ______.  
A. a new life B. our world C. an opportunity  
B. established  
C. bought  
D. obtained  
D. a thrill of pleasure  
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Question 32. The word “immense” in paragraph 3 is closest in meaning to ______.  
A. great B. limited C. personal D. controlled  
Question 33. According to the passage, travel books, biographies and memoirs ______.  
A. are wonderful novels  
B. tell stories of well-known places  
D. are more valuable than novels  
C. are less popular than novels  
Question 34. According to paragraph 4, which of the following is the most fascinating to book-  
lovers?  
A. A daily occupation  
C. The wonderland  
B. An ordinary educated man  
D. A favorite book  
Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the  
co
ect answer to each of the questions from 35 to 42.  
The system of higher education had its origin in Europe in the Middle Ages, when the first  
universities were established. In modern times, the nature of higher education around the world, to  
some extent, has been determined by the models of influential countries such as France and  
Germany.  
Both France and Germany have systems of higher education that are basically administered  
by state agencies. Entrance requirements for students are also similar in both countries. In France,  
an examination called the baccalauréat is given at the end of secondary education. Higher  
education in France is free and open to all students who have passed this baccalauréat. Success in  
this examination allows students to continue their higher education for another three or four years  
until they have attained the first university degree called a licence in France.  
Basic differences, however, distinguish these two countries’ systems. French educational  
districts, called académies, are under the direction of a rector, an appointee of the national  
government who is also in charge of universities in each district. The uniformity in cu
iculum  
throughout the country leaves each university with little to distinguish itself. Hence, many students  
prefer to go to Paris, where there are better accommodations and more cultural amenities for them.  
Another difference is the existence in France of prestigious higher educational institutions known as  
grandes écoles, which provide advanced professional and technical training. Most of these schools  
are not affiliated with the universities, although they too recruit their students by giving  
competitive examinations to candidates. The grandes écoles provide rigorous training in all  

anches of applied science and technology, and their diplomas have a somewhat higher standing  
than the ordinary licence.  
In Germany, the regional universities have autonomy in determining their cu
iculum under  
the direction of rectors elected from within. Students in Germany change universities according to  
their interests and the strengths of each university. In fact, it is a custom for students to attend two,  
three, or even four different universities in the course of their undergraduate studies, and the  
majority of professors at a particular university may have taught in four or five others. This high  
degree of mobility means that schemes of study and examination are marked by a freedom and  
individuality unknown in France.  
France and Germany have greatly influenced higher education systems around the world.  
The French, either through colonial influence or the work of missionaries, introduced many aspects  
of their system in other countries. The German were the first to stress the importance of universities  
as research facilities, and they also created a sense of them as emblems of a national mind.  
(Source: https://
itannicalearn.com)  
Trang 4/6 - Mã đề thi 001  




Question 35. What does the passage mainly discuss?  
A. The nature of education around the world in modern times  
B. Systems of higher education in France and Germany  
C. The origin of higher education system in Europe  
D. The influence of France and Germany on educational systems of other countries  
Question 36. The word “uniformity” in paragraph 3 is closest in meaning to ______.  
A. proximity  
Question 37. The word “their” in paragraph 3 refers to ______.  
A. schools B. universities C. examinations  
B. discrepancy  
C. similarity  
D. uniqueness  
D.
anches  
Question 38. Which of the following about grandes écoles in France is NOT stated in paragraph 3?  
A. Most of them have no connection with universities.  
B. They have a reputation for advanced professional and technical training.  
C. Their degrees are better recognized than those provided by universities.  
D. They offer better accommodations and facilities than universities.  
Question 39. According to the passage, a regional university rector in Germany is elected by  
_
_____.  
A. the staff of the university  
C. the regional government officials  
B. the national government officials  
D. the staff of other universities  
Question 40. According to paragraph 4, what makes it possible for students in Germany to attend  
different universities during their undergraduate studies?  
A. The university staff have become far more mobile and occupied.  
B. The university’s training programs offer greater flexibility and freedom of choice.  
C. University tuition fees are kept at an affordable level for all students.  
D. Entry requirements to universities in Germany are made less demanding.  
Question 41. The word “emblems” in the final paragraph is closest in meaning to ______.  
A. representatives  
B. directions  
C. structures  
D. delegates  
Question 42. Which of the following can be infe
ed from the passage?  
A. Studying in France and Germany is a good choice for people of all ages and nationalities.  
B. It normally takes longer to complete a university course in France than in Germany.  
C. Universities in Germany can govern themselves more effectively than those in France.  
D. The level of decentralization of higher education is greater in Germany than in France.  
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the underlined part that needs  
co
ection in each of the following questions.  
Question 43. Every member of the class were invited to the party by the form teacher.  
A
B
C
D
rd  
Question 44. Historically, it was the 3 Asian Games in Japan that tennis, volleyball, table tennis  
A
and hockey were added.  
D
B
C
Question 45. Though formally close friends, they have now been estranged from each other due to  
A
B
C
some regrettable misunderstandings.  
D
Trang 5/6 - Mã đề thi 001  



Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that is closest in  
meaning to each of the following questions.  
Question 46. Ha
y no longer smokes a lot.  
A. Ha
y now smokes a lot.  
C. Ha
y didn’t use to smoke a lot.  
B. Ha
y used to smoke a lot.  
D. Ha
y rarely smoked a lot.  
Question 47. “I’ll call you as soon as I a
ive at the airport,” he said to me.  
A. He objected to calling me as soon as he a
ived at the airport.  
B. He promised to call me as soon as he a
ived at the airport.  
C. He denied calling me as soon as he a
ived at the airport.  
D. He reminded me to call him as soon as he a
ived at the airport.  
Question 48. People think that traffic congestion in the downtown area is due to the increasing  
number of private cars.  
A. Traffic congestion in the downtown area is blamed for the increasing number of private cars.  
B. The increasing number of private cars is thought to be responsible for traffic congestion in the  
downtown area.  
C. The increasing number of private cars is attributed to traffic congestion in the downtown area.  
D. Traffic congestion in the downtown area is thought to result in the increasing number of  
private cars.  
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that best combines  
each pair of sentences in the following questions.  
Question 49. The young girl has great experience of nursing. She has worked as a hospital  
volunteer for years.  
A. Before she worked as a hospital volunteer for years, the young girl has great experience of  
nursing.  
B. Much as she has worked as a hospital volunteer for years, the young girl has great experience  
of nursing.  
C. Having worked as a hospital volunteer for years, the young girl has great experience of  
nursing.  
D. With great experience of nursing, the young girl has worked as a hospital volunteer for years.  
Question 50. Peter told us about his leaving the school. He did it on his a
ival at the meeting.  
A. Only after his leaving the school did Peter inform us of his a
ival at the meeting.  
B. Not until Peter told us that he would leave the school did he a
ive at the meeting.  
C. Hardly had Peter informed us about his leaving the school when he a
ived at the meeting.  
D. No sooner had Peter a
ived at the meeting than he told us about his leaving the school.  
------------------------ THE END ------------------------  
Trang 6/6 - Mã đề thi 001  



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