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SỞ GD&ĐT VĨNH PHÚC

TRƯỜNG THPT LIỄN SƠN

(ĐỀ LUYỆN 208)

ĐỀ THI THỬ THPT QUỐC GIA NĂM 2015

MÔN THI: TIẾNG ANH

Thời gian: 90 phút

 

PHẦN TRẮC NGHIỆM: (8 điểm)

Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the blanks, from question 1 to question 10

   Schools exams are, generally speaking, the first  kind of tests we take. They find out how much knowledge we have (1)____. But do they really show how intelligent we are? After all, isn’t it a fact that some people who are very successful academically don’t have any (2)____ sense?

    Intelligence is the speed (3)____ which we can understand and (4)____ to new situations and it’s usually tested by logic puzzles. Although scientists are now preparing  (5)____ computer technology that will be able to “read” our brains, for the present tests are still the most popular ways of measuring intelligence. A person’s IQ is their intelligence as it is measured by a special test. The most common IQ tests are (6)____ by Mensa, an organization that was found in England in 1946. By 1976 it had 1,3000 members in Britain. Today there are 44,000 in Britain and 100,000 worldwide, (7)____ in the US.

     People taking the test are judged in (8)____ to an average score of 100 and those who score over 148 are entitled to join Mensa. This (9)____ at 2% of the population. Anyone from the age of six can take the tests. All the questions are straightforward and most people can answer them if (10)____ enough time. But that’s the problem – the whole point of the tests is that they’re against the clock.

Câu 1:  A. caught  B. attached  C. gained  D. fetched

Câu 2:  A. natural  B. bright  C. sharp  D. common

Câu 3:  A. in   B. to   C. on   D. at

Câu 4:  A. react   B. alter   C. accord  D. answer

Câu 5:  A. advanced  B. forward  C. upper  D. ahead

Câu 6:  A. run   B. commanded  C. steered  D. appointed

Câu 7:  A. considerably  B. largely  C. highly  D. enormously

Câu 8:  A. regard  B. relation  C. concern  D. association

Câu 9:  A. comes up  B. adds up  C. works out  D. turns to

Câu 10:  A. provided  B. let   C. allowed  D. spared

Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions, from question 11 to question 20:

In the world today, particularly in the two most industrialized areas, North America and Europe, recycling is big news. People are talking about it, practicing it, and discovering new ways to be sensitive to the environment. Recycling means finding ways to use products a second time. The motto of the recycling movement is "Reduce, Reuse, Recycle".

The first step is to reduce garbage. In stores, a shopper has to buy products in blister packs, boxes and expensive plastic wrappings. A hamburger from a fast food restaurant comes in lots of packaging: usually paper, a box, and a bag. All that packaging is wasted resources. People should try to buy things that are wrapped simply, and to reuse cups and utensils. Another way to reduce waste is to buy high-quality products. When low quality appliances break, many customers throw them away and buy new ones - a loss of more resources and more energy. For example, if a customer buys a high-quality appliance that can be easily repaired, the manufacturer receives an important message. In the same way, if a customer chooses a product with less packaging, that customer sends an important message to the manufacturers. To reduce garbage, the throwaway must stop.

The second step is to reuse. It is better to buy juices and soft drinks in returnable bottles. After customers empty the bottles, they return them to the store. The manufacturers of the drinks collect the bottles, wash them, and then fill them again. The energy that is necessary to make new bottles is saved. In some parts of the world, returning bottles for money is a common practice. In those places, the garbage dumps have relatively little glass and plastic from throwaway bottles.

The third step is being environmentally sensitive is to recycle. Spent motor oil can be cleaned and used again. Aluminum cans are expensive to make. It takes the same amount of energy to make one aluminum can as it does to run a color TV set for three  hours. When people collect and recycle aluminum (for new cans), they help save one of  the world's precious resources.

Câu 11:  What is the main topic of the passage?

A. how to live sensitively to the environment.  B. how to reduce garbage disposal

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C. what people often understand about the term 'recycle'  D. what is involved in the recycling movement

Câu 12:  What does the word “sensitive” in the phrase sensitive to the environmentmean?

A. responding  B. friendly  C. cautious  D. logical

Câu 13:   Why is it a waste when customers buy low-quality products?

A. Because they produce less energy.         B. Because they have to be repaired many times.

C. Because customers change their ideas all the time.  D. Because people will soon throw them away.

Câu 14:  What does it mean “Customers can vote with their wallets”?

A. they can choose the cheapest products   B. they can ask people to choose products with less packaging

C. they can tell the producers which products are good for environment by buying them.

D. they can cast a lot to praise a producer.

Câu 15:  The word “motto” is closest in meaning to_________

A. belief  B. value   C. meaning  D. reference

Câu 16:   What best describes the process of reuse?

A. The bottles are washed, retuned, filled again and collected.

B. The bottles are collected, washed, returned and filled again

C. The bottles are filled again after being returned, collected and washed.

D. The bottles are collected, returned, filled again and washed.

Câu 17:   The word “practice” is closest in meaning to_________

A. deed   B. drill   C. belief  D. exercise

Câu 18:   What are the two things mentioned as examples of recycling?

A. Hamburger wrappings and spent motor oil. B. Aluminum cans and plastic wrappings.

C. Aluminum cans and spent motor oil.              D. TV sets and aluminum cans.

Câu 19:  People can do the following to reduce waste EXCEPT ____.

A. buy simply-wrapped things B. buy high-quality product   C. reuse cups D. buy fewer hamburgers

Câu 20:   The word “precious is closest in meaning to_________

A. invaluable  B. substantial  C. natural  D. first

Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions,  from question 21 to question 30:

Fiberscopes are one of the most important outcomes of the science of fiber optics. Fibers made of glass and transparent acrylic plastic are capable of conveying light energy, and when thousands of these fibers are combined in what is called a fiberscope, they can transmit images. The most common fiberscopes contain about 750,000 fibers, each 0.001 centimeter, or 10 microns, in diameter. For certain uses, the diameter of the fiber may be as small as 5 microns.

Fiberscopes have a wide range of applications. In the medical field, physicians use fiberscopes to examine internal organs and as an aid in delicate surgeries. Miniature probes have also been developed to view muscle fiber, skin tissue, and blood cells. Fiberscopes have also found varied uses in industry, particularly to inspect or control operations in inaccessible areas. Bundles of fiberscopes fused together in a solid plate, called a faceplate, are being used in the manufacture of television tubes and other cathode-ray tube devices.

The most far-reaching applications of fiber-optic technology are in communications. Optical fibers carry voice messages for telephone service. The sound of the voice is electronically broken down into thousands of pulses per second, which causes a transmitting laser to send coordinated pulses of light through the optical fibers. At the receiving end, the light pulses are converted to electrical signals and the voice message is reconstructed. Light-wave communication systems can handle an immensely greater number of telephone calls and television programs than the current system, and they will form the basis of the “electronic superhighway” expected to crisscross the nation in the near future of the information age.

Câu 21:  How do optical fibers carry voice message?

A. By sending coordinated electrical pulses through optical fibers

B. By using cathode-ray tube devices.     C. By converting electrical signals to light pulses

D. By fusing bundles of fiberscopes into a faceplate

Câu 22:  The word inaccessible in line 9 means _____.

A. extremely small   B. impossible to climb    C. hard to reach D. difficult to find

Câu 23:   It can be inferred from the passage that fiberscopes_____.

A. have more uses in industry than in medicine B. will play a major role in the information age

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C. will decrease in importance as they become more common D. have reached the peak of their development

Câu 24:  Approximately how many fibers does a fiberscope contain?

A. 500,000  B. 1,000,000  C. 25,000  D. 750,000

Câu 25:   The main topic of the passage is ____.

A. The birth of the “electronic superhighway” B. How fiberscopes have enhanced the field of medicine

C. How sound may be transformed into light D. The various applications of fiber-optic technology

Câu 26:   The word they refers to_____.

A. fiberscopes           B. light-wave communication systems    C. television calls               D. television programs

Câu 27:   The word converted is closest in meaning to_____.

A. transformed  B. transmitted   C. transferred  D. changed

Câu 28:   The word coordinated  is closest in meaning to_____.

A. organized  B. separated   C. deconstructed D. transformed

Câu 29:    Fiberscopes are being used to do all of the following EXCEPT

A. convert light pulses to electrical signals   B. control operations in inaccessible areas

C. assist in delicate surgeries       D. transmit images

Câu 30:   The passage will most likely be followed by a discussion of_____.

A. the structure of fiberscopes    B. the use of fiber optics in the electronic superhighway

C. homes and businesses of the future   D. additional uses of fiberscope in industry

Câu 31: Joanne has only one eye, she lost ____ years ago after falling on some broken glass.

A. another one  B. other ones   C. the other  D. other

Câu 32: Choose the word or phrase that is CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined part

“Please speak up a bit more, Jason. You’re hardly loud enough to be heard from the back” – the teacher said

A. edible  B. eligible   C. visible  D. audible

Câu 33: I must remember to put that dinner invitation in my ____.

A. agenda  B. journal   C. diary   D. record

Câu 34: She ____ on her computer for more than two hours when she decided to stop for a rest.

A. has worked  B. has been working  C. was working  D. had been working

Câu 35: Mary received 100 dollars from her sister. She ____ the computer she wanted. It costs 200 dollars.

A. couldn’t have bought B. wouldn’t buy     C. hadn’t bought D. didn’t buy

Câu 36: Choose the word that differs from the rest in the position of the main stress

A. comprehend  B. individual   C. unexpected  D. spectacle

Câu 37: Choose the word or phrase that is OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined part

No one knew precisely what would happen to a human being

A. casually  B. wrongly   C. informally  D. flexibly

Câu 38: Choose the underlined part that needs correction

In order to do a profit, the new leisure centre needs at least 2000 visitors a month.

A. at least  B. do a profit   C. a month  D. the

Câu 39: Choose the underlined part that needs correction

What I told her a few days ago were not the solutions to most of her problems

A. were   B. to    C. What I told her D. most of

Câu 40: Choose the sentence that best joins each of the following pairs of sentences 

She heard the news of the death of her mother. She fainted.

A. On hearing the news of her dead mother, she fainted

B. On hearing the news of the death of her mother, she fainted

C. She fainted so she heard the news of the death of her mother

D. She fainted and then she heard the news of the death of her mother

Câu 41: Choose the word or phrase that is CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined part

Most of the school – leavers are sanguine about the idea of going to work and earning money

A. fearsome  B. expected   C. optimistic  D. excited

Câu 42: Choose the word whose underlined part differs from the other three in pronunciation

A. filled   B. wicked   C. suited  D. landed

Câu 43: The work is beyond the shadow of a _____ one of the best she has ever written

A. doubt  B. contradiction   C. suspicion  D. criticism

Câu 44: He was ____ speaker.

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A. so a good  B. how good a   C. so good a  D. what a good

Câu 45: Choose the underlined part that needs correction

Dams are used to control flooding, provide water for irrigation and generating electricity for the surrounding area.

A. generating  B. to control flooding       C. surrounding area D. irrigation

Câu 46: Choose the underlined part that needs correction

Traditionally, the flag is risen in the morning and then taken down at night

A. in the morning B. taken   C. risen   D. at night

Câu 47: Choose the word that differs from the rest in the position of the main stress

A. desperate  B. suggestion             C. definite  D. influence

Câu 48: Choose the sentence that best joins each of the following pairs of sentences 

She received three letters this morning. All of them were from Tony

A. All of the letters from Tony were received by her this morning

B. She received three letters this morning, all of which were from Tony

C. Three of the letters she received this morning were from Tony

D. All letters from Tony were received by her this morning

Câu 49: Choose the word or phrase that is CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined part

 On the second thought, I believe I’ll go with you to the theatre

A. After discussing with my life B. For the second time C. For this time only D. Upon reflection

Câu 50: When another person sneezes, you say: “________.”

A. Pardon?  B. Bless you   C. See you!  D. Great you

Câu 51: I read the contract again and again ____ avoiding making spelling mistakes

A. in terms of  B. by means of   C. with a view to D. in view of

Câu 52: ____ Albert is late, let’s begin without him

A. Nevertheless  B. However   C. Consequently D. Since

Câu 53: Choose the sentence that is closest in meaning to the following sentence

He arrived as soon as I left the office. 

A. Hardly did I leave when he had arrived    B. Hardly had I left the office when he arrived

C. Hardly had I left the office than he arrived  D. He arrived and then I left the office

Câu 54: Choose the sentence that is closest in meaning to the following sentence

Under no circumstances should you press both buttons at once

A. Neither of the buttons shouldn’t be pressed at once under any circumstances

B. Boths buttons shouldn’t be pressed at once under no circumstances

C. You shouldn’t press both buttons at once under any circumstances

D. Pressing both buttons at once should be performed  under any circumstances

Câu 55: Nobody’s got to stay late this evening, ____?

A. don’t they  B. isn’t it   C. is it   D. have they

Câu 56: If I were to leave my country, I ____ disappointed

A. would have been B. would be   C. wouldn’t have made D. probably be

Câu 57: Choose the sentence that is closest in meaning to the following sentence

I only called the police when I had tried everything else

A. Because I had tried everything else, I called the police  B. I didn’t call the police because I had tried everything else

C. I only called the police after I have tried everything else   D. I only called the police as a last resort

Câu 58: Florida, ____ the Sunshine State, attracts many tourists every year.

A. that is known as B. is              C. is known as  D. known as

Câu 59: Choose the sentence that is closest in meaning to the following sentence

Until I saw her for myself, I didn’t think that Naomi had been badly wounded.

A. As soon as I saw Naomi, I knew that her injuries were very serious

B. Naomi hadn’t been hurt very badly, and I became aware of that at the time that I saw her

C. Before I had seen Naomi’s wounds, I had supposed that they were extremely bad.

D. It was only when I saw Naomi that I realized how seriously she had been injured

Câu 60: Having been served lunch, ____.

A. the problem was discussed by the members of the committee

B. a discussion of the problem was made by the members of the committee

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C. the committee members discussed the problem     D. it was discussed by the committee members the problem

Câu 61: It’s essential ____.

A. for Nam knowing what to do in the event of fire   B. that Nam know what to do when there is a fire

C. that Nam to know what to do when there is a fire   D. for Nam who knows what to do in the event of fire

Câu 62: ____ electricity you use, ____ your bill will be

A. The more /  the higher   B. The more / the high C. More / higher D. The most / the higher

Câu 63: Don’t let anyone ____ you into buying a new car. There’s nothing wrong with your present one.

A. talk   B. come    C. look   D. turn

Câu 64: Choose the underlined part that needs correction

She asked why did Mathew look so embarrassed when he saw Carole

A. saw   B. asked why   C. embarrassed  D. did Mathew look

----------------------------------------------

PHẦN TỰ LUẬN: (2 điểm)

I. Rewrite each of the following sentences in such a way that the original meaning is exactly the same as the provided one.

1. They will catch all the prisoners again by tonight.

      All the prisoners_________________________________________

2. I’ve warned you not go to near that dog.

      I’ve warned you about_________________________________________

3. No, please don’t tell him.

      I’d rather_________________________________________

4. Why don’t ask her yourself?

      I suggest_________________________________________

5. An up-to-date visa is necessary for Andorra.

      You’ll_________________________________________

 

II. TOPIC: Write a letter to pen-pal to talk about your family rules.

                                                                         ……………, September 21st, 2014

Dear Jim,

I am writing to talk about my family rules. It is an interesting topic, isn’t it? It may br obvious that every family has its own rules. Mine has a few, apart from the traditional ones, especially for this school year as I am in the final year.

 First, I am not allowed to watch much TV, except when there is a good or very interesting film or an academic game show, or when I have finished all my homework and exercises. And hardly do my parents let me stay up so late at night.

 Next, my parents rarely permit me to go out with friends without necessary reasons for example birthdays or funerals.

 Besides, I have to take the balanced diets to keep fit for my coming examinations. And one more thing I have to keep up is talking on the phone. That is why I have to set a limit to my using of the phone.

 Furthermore, I don’t have to do much housework though we share that all together.

 Do you think I have a lot of rules to abide? Or I have no rights or freedom to do what I want or like?

 Tell me about your family rules, will you? It is much fun to hear about then.

Write to me as soon as you can. I look forward to hearing from you.

                              Best wishes,

                                      Mai

------------ THE END ----------

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ĐỀ THPT QUỐC GIA 208

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