Phrasal Verbs

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CHUYÊN ĐỀ : PHRASAL VERBS (CỤM ĐỘNG TỪ)

I. Định nghĩa:

Phrasal verb( cụm  động từ ) là sự kết hợp của động từ và giới từ hoặc trạng từ

Eg: V+ prep: look for

      V+ adv: get away

      V+ adv+ prep: catch up with

II. Phân loại :

 

                                                   

 

 

 

                                                            

 

 

 

 

 

  a/ intransitive phrasal verbs  (Cụm nội động từ - không có tân ngữ)  

                                   EX: The plane will take off at 15:00.

b/ Transitive phrasal verbs  ( cụm ngoại động từ - có tân ngữ )  

  + Inseparable transitive phrasal verbs  ( cụm động từ không thể tách ra )

                                  Ex: We are looking for my key.     ( Wrong: We are looking my key for )

   + Separable transitive phrasal verbs (cụm động từ có thể tách ra )

Ex: Please turn it off.        ( Wrong : Please turn off it )

Some popular phrasal verbs  

Result in: đưa đến

Fill in: điền thông tin

Lie down: nằm nghỉ

Turn up: đến / xuất hiện = arrive

Sell out: bán hết

Send for: cho mời đến

Settle down: ổn định cuộc sống

Think over: suy nghĩ cẩn thận

Run out of: hết

Give up : bỏ / từ bỏ

Bring sb up: nuôi dưỡng

Let sb down: làm ai thất vọng

Make up: bịa ( chuyện)/ trang điểm

      Try on: thử quần áo

Turn on/ Turn off: bật lên/ tắt đi

Work out: giải quyết/ lên kế hoạch

      Go down: hạ ( giá cả)

Hold on: chờ ( máy điện thoại)

Pass away : chết

Set off/ Set out: khởi hành

Stand out: nổi bật

Take off: cất cánh

Catch up with : theo kịp

Come up against: đương đầu với khó khăn

Come up with: nghĩ ra

Face up to : đối mặt ( khó khăn)

Go on: tiếp tục

Go off: nổ

Go away: đi khỏi

 

Take over : đảm nhận

Take after: giống với

Take away : mang đi

 

Come about: xảy ra

Come across: tình cờ gặp

Come up: xảy ra/ xuất hiện

 

Put in for: tham gia

Put up with : chịu đựng

Put off : trì hoãn = delay

Put on/ put off: mặc vào / cởi ra

 

Carry out:  tiến hành

Carry on: tiếp tục

 

Stand for: là chữ viết tắt của

Stand up for: ủng hộ

 

Look up: tra từ điển

Look at : nhìn

Look for : tìm kiếm

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Fall in love with: yêu ai

Get along / on with:  có mối quan hệ tốt

Get out of : thoát khỏi

Make up for: đền bù

Dress up: ăn mặc sang trọng

Drop in: ghé thăm

Get over: vượt qua = recover

Ask for: đòi hỏi

Live on: sống dựa vào

 

 

Look after : chăm sóc = take care of

Look down on: coi thường

Look  up to : kính trọng

Look forward to: mong đợi

 

Break down: hỏng

Break up: chia tay

 

 

Exercises

Multiple choice

1.      Do you want to stop in this town, or shall we _______?

A. turn on  B. turn off C. go on D. look after

2.      Who will ________ the children while you go out to work?

 A. look for B. look up C. look after D. look at

3.      Please ________ the light, it’s getting dark here.

 A. turn on B. turn off C. turn over D. turn into

4.      The nurse has to _________ at the midnight. {take (sth) over: take control of or responsibility for}

 A. take care  B. take on C. take over C. take off

5.      There is an inflation. The prices __________.

 A. are going on B. are going down C. are going over D. are going up

6.      Remember to _______ your shoes when you are in a Japanese house.

 A. take care  B. take on C. take over C. take off

7.      You can __________ the new words in the dictionary.

 A. look for B. look after C. look up D. look at

8.      It’s cold outside. __________ your coat.

 A. Put on  B. Put down C. Put off D. Put into

9.      Frank never turns up on time for a meeting.

 A. calls B. arrives C. reports D. prepares

10. Never put off until tomorrow what you can do today.{ put off: postpone: delay}

 A. do B. let C. delay D. leave

11. My father still hasn’t really recovered from the death of my mother.

 A. looked after B. taken after C. gone off D. got over

12. The bomb exploded with a loud bang which could be heard all over the town.

 A. went on B. went out C. went off D. went away

13. John, could you look after my handbag while I go out for a minute.

 A. take part in  B. take over C. take place D. take care of

14. Bill seems unhappy in his job because he doesn’t get _______ his boss.

 A. up to B. on for C. on well with D. in with

15.  Why do they ______ talking about money all the time?

 A. keep on B. give up C. take after D. stop by

16. My father gave up smoking two years ago.

 A. liked B. continued C. stopped D. enjoyed

17. The government hopes to _________ its plans for introducing cable TV.

 A. turn out B. carry out C. carry on D. keep on

18. When the tenants failed to pay their bill, the authorities decided to _____ the gas supply to the flat.

 A. cut down B. cut out C. cut off D. cut up

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1.      Look out! There’s a car coming!

 A. The car is behind you, so you should run.

   B. Don’t go away because the car is coming.

 C. Hurry up or you will be late for the car.

       D. You should be careful because the car is coming.

2.      I was born in Scotland but I ________ in Northern Ireland.

 A. grew up B. raised C. brought up D. rose

3.      How do you start the computer?

 A. How does the computer turn on? B. How do you turn on the computer?

 C. How do you turn  the computer on? D.  Both B and C are correct

4.      I/ not accept/ offer/ turn down/

 A. I couldn’t accept his offer to avoid turning down him.

 B. I couldn’t accept his offer because he was turned down.

 C. I couldn’t accept his offer, so I turned it down.

 D. I couldn’t accept his offer whether I was turned down.

5.      Both Ann and her sister look like her mother.

 A. take after  B. take place C. take away D. take on

6.      I’ll be back in a minute, Jane. I just want to try out my new tape recorder.

 A. resemble B. test C. arrive D. buy

7.      She got angry when they started to………. her private life.

 A. ask for  B. enquire after  C. ask about  D. enquire with

8.      She ran in a marathon last week but………. after ten kilometers. {withdraw}

 A. dropped out  B. closed down C. broke up  D. made up

9.      Gertrude takes……….her mother; she has blue eyes and fair hair too.

 A. in  B. up  C. after  D. down

10. It took him a long time to ………. the death of his wife.

 A. take away  B. get over  C. take off  D. get through

11. There were so many kinds of cameras………., and I didn't know which to buy.

 A. to choose  B. choosing from  

 C. chosen  D. to choose from

12. Billy hasn't been working; he won't………. his examinations.

 A. get off  B. get through  C. keep up  D. keep off

13. They arrived………. the airport………. good time for the plane.

 A. in - on  B. to - in  C. at - in  D. to - for

14. Did Mr. Tan………. the class while Miss Fiona was ill in hospital?

 A. take away  B. take over C. take up  D. take off

15. Paula applied for the post but she was………..

 A. turned down  B. checked out  C. kept under  D. pushed ahead

16. If orders keep coming in like this, I'll have to………. more staff.

 A. give up  B. add in  C. gain on  D. take on

17. Why do they………. talking about money all the time?

 A. keep on  B. side with  C. take after  D. work off

18. In addition to Mr. Thomas and Miss White, the principal………. attend the school party.

 A. is likely  B. is going to  C. are likely  D. are going to

19. We were too tired to wash ________ after the meal.

 A. over B. out C. up D. on

20. I don't know whether I'll go out tonight. It depends ________ how I feel.

 A. in B. at C. on D. over

21. The police made an appeal ________ the public to remain calm.

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 A. by B. to C. at D. for

1.      These policies ________ in many elderly and disabled people suffering hardship.

 A. recalled B. succeeded C. resulted D. resigned

*** Choose the best answer:- SYNONYM

1. He is trying to stop smoking.  

A. give off   B. give up        C. give in           D. give away

2. The bomb exploded in the garage; fortunately no one hurt.

A. put on     B. went off   C. got out   D. kept up

3. I'm sorry. I didn't mean to interrupt you. Please, go on and finish what you were saying.

A. talk     B. quit       C. continue   D. stop

4. They decided to postpone their journey till the end of the month because of the epidemic.

A. take up   B. turn round   C. put off   D. do with

5. The bomb exploded in the garage; fortunately no one hurt.

A. put on   B. went off   C. got out   D. kept up

6. Be careful! The tree is going to fall.

A. Look out   B. Look up   C. Look on    D. Look after

7. They had to delay their trip because of the bad weather.

A. get through   B. put off   C. keep up with  D. go over

8. It took me a very long time to recover from the shock of her death.

A. turn off   B. take on   C. get over   D. keep up with

9. They decided to postpone their journey till the end of the month because of the epidemic.

A. take up   B. turn round   C. put off   D. do with

10. What may happen if John will not arrive in time?

A. go along   B. go out   C. put on  D. turn up

11. Frank never turns up on time for a meeting.

A. calls   B. arrives  C. reports  D. prepares

12. Never put off until tomorrow what you can do today.{put off: postpone: delay}

A. do   B. let   C. delay  D. leave

13. My father gave up smoking two years ago.

A. liked   B. continued  C. stopped  D. enjoyed

14. Both Ann and her sister look like her mother.

A. take after   B. take place  C. take away  D. take on

15. I’ll be back in a minute, Jane. I just want to try out my new tape recorder.

A. resemble  B. test   C. arrive  D. buy

16. He resembles his father in many ways.

A. turns off   B. takes on   C. goes over   D. takes after

17. We’ll buy you a cat, but you must promise to take care of it properly.

A. put on     B. go off   C. take after   D. look after

18. *Johnny sometimes visits his grandparents in the countryside.

A. calls on   B. keeps off   C. takes in   D. goes up

19. *Did your son pass the university entrance examination?

A. make up   B. get along   C. go up   D. get through

20. He did not particularly want to play any competitive sport.

A. use up   B. do with   C. take up   D. go on

21. I am tired because I went to bed late last night.

A. stayed up   B. kept off   C. put out   D. brought up

22. The small white flowers are my favorite. They give off a wonderful honey smell that scents the entire garden.

A. release    B. stop    C. end    D. me

23. I felt let down when I didn't receive a birthday card from my sister.

A. disappointed  B. interested  C. excited   D. bored

24. Do you have to light up another cigarette? I thought you were trying to cut down.

A. burn   B. illuminate  C. save   D. smoke

25. I couldn't make out what he had talked about because I was not used to his accent.

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A. stand   B. understand   C. write   D. interrupt

26. The firefighters fought the blaze while the crowd was looking on it.

A. blowing   B. watering   C. preventing   D. watching

27. The police are looking into the murder.

A. redoing  B. investigating  C. doing  D. ignoring

28. Within their home country, National Red Cross and Red Crescent societies assume the duties and responsibilities of a national relief society.

A. take on   B. get off   C. go about   D. put in

29. Giovanna doesn't get along with her two brothers.

A. agree with   B. hate   C. please with  D. have a good relationship with 

30. You don't need a computer. You can get by with the typewriter.

A. understand  B. manage with  C. buy   D. pass with

31. I fell into the water when I tried to get out of the canoe.

A. enter   B. start   C. climb  D. exit

32. I want you to carry on with the project while I am out of town.

A. bring  B. end   C. abandon  D. continue

33. If the world’s tropical forests continue to disappear at their present rate, many animal species will be extinct.

A. die out  B. die from  C. die of  D. die for

34. Didn’t they notice the “No Camping” sign?

A. keep up with  B. catch sign of  C. take advantage of D. keep track of

35. Now, Peter has become accustomed to driving to the left

A. has got used to B. has become upset with C. has become angry with D. all are correct

** GAP-FILLING:

1. The bomb went _________ with a loud bang which could be heard all over the town.

A. on   B. off   C. out   D. by

2. Go _________ this book because it has the information you need.

A. over                    B. by                     C. off                 D. on

3. She looked _________ me, smiling happily and confidently.

A. on    B. over    C. forward   D. at

4. I arranged to meet Jim after work last night but he didn’t turn _________

A. off            B. up            C. on                    D. down

5. I’ve lost my keys. Can you help me look  _________ them? 

A. up             B. after          C. for                   D. into

6. She still can't get _________ the shock for her baby's death.                                        

A. out             B. on             C. over                   D. away

7. As time goes _________ my memory seems to get worse.
A.  down  B. by   C. out   D. away

8. You’d better put _________ your coat before you leave. It’s chilly out.

A. off   B. on   C. out   D. up

9. Frankly speaking, your daughter does not take _________ you at all.

A. after   B. along   C. up     D. over

10. We are going _________ a few days for the holidays.
A. away  B. up   C. on   D. out

11. The price of petrol is going _________ because the cost of the exploitation is too high.
A. down  B. up   C. along  D. on

12. If you don’t know the meaning of the word, you should look it _________ in the dictionary.

A. out    B. in   C. up   D. on

13. She always takes good care _________ her children.

A. for     B. in   C. of    D. with

14. Did you remember to turn the lights _________ before you left the house?

A. off   B. in   C. away  D. over

15. If you don't know what a word means, look it _________ in the dictionary.

A. over   B. up   C. on   D. at

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16. We were too tired to wash _________ after the meal.

A. over   B. out   C. up   D. on

17. He is disappointed at not being offered the job, but I think he will _________ it.

A. turn off   B. get over   C. fill in   D. take after

18. “Don’t forget to take _________ your shoes when you are in a Japanese house.”

A. off    B. apart   C. in    D. up

19. Do you want to stop in this town, or shall we _________ ?

A. turn on   B. turn off  C. go on  D. look after

20. Who will _________ the children while you go out to work?

A. look for  B. look up  C. look after  D. look at

21. Please _________ the light, it’s getting dark here.

A. turn on  B. turn off  C. turn over  D. turn into

22. Remember to _________ your shoes when you are in a Japanese house.

A. take care   B. take on  C. take over  C. take off

23. You can _________ the new words in the dictionary.

A. look for  B. look after  C. look up  D. look at

24. It’s cold outside. _________ your coat.

A. Put on   B. Put down  C. Put off  D. Put into

25. Why do they _________ talking about money all the time?

A. keep on  B. give up  C. take after  D. stop by

26. "Can you read that sign?" "Just a minutes. Let me _________ my glasses."

A. put off  B. put on  C. put with  D. put away

27. I have been looking _________ my dog for two days but I haven’t seen it yet.

A. after   B. for   C. into   D. at

28. Who will look _________ the child when you’re away?

A. for   B. after   C. at   D. around

29. I feel very hot because the electricity has gone _________ .

A. off   B. out   C. along  D. after

30. I’ve lost my keys. Can you help me look _________ them?

A. at   B. for   C. after   D. into

31. The forest fire went _________ after two days.

A. after   B. off   C. out   D. along

32. She’s very old. She needs someone to look _________ her.

A. after   B. for   C. into   D. at

33. The shoes felt too tight so I took _________ and tried a larger size.

A. away them     B. off them      C. them away                               D. them off

34. She refused to _________  the traditional woman’s role.

A. take up     B. take over     C. take on                  D. take in

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