Đề Thi Tiếng Anh 12:Phrasal Verbs

đề thi Tiếng Anh Tiếng Anh 12 Tiếng Anh 12 (Sách cũ)
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CHUYÊN ĐỀ : PHRASAL VERBS (CỤM ĐỘNG TỪ) I. Định nghĩa: Phrasal ve( cụm động từ ) là sự kết hợp của động từ và giới từ hoặc trạng từ Eg: V+ prep: look for V+ adv: get away V+ adv+ prep: catch up with I

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CHUYÊN ĐỀ : PHRASAL VERBS (CỤM ĐỘNG TỪ)
I. Định nghĩa:
Phrasal ve
( cụm  động từ ) là sự kết hợp của động từ và giới từ hoặc trạng từ
Eg: V+ prep: look for
      V+ adv: get away
      V+ adv+ prep: catch up with
II. Phân loại :
 
                                                   
 
 

 
                                                            
 
 
 
 
 
  a/ intransitive phrasal ve
s  (Cụm nội động từ - không có tân ngữ)  
                                   EX: The plane will take off at 15:00.
b/ Transitive phrasal ve
s  ( cụm ngoại động từ - có tân ngữ )  
  + Inseparable transitive phrasal ve
s  ( cụm động từ không thể tách ra )
                                  Ex: We are looking for my key.     ( Wrong: We are looking my key for )
   + Separable transitive phrasal ve
s (cụm động từ có thể tách ra )
Ex: Please turn it off.        ( Wrong : Please turn off it )
Some popular phrasal ve
s  
Result in: đưa đến
Fill in: điền thông tin
Lie down: nằm nghỉ
Turn up: đến / xuất hiện = a
ive
Sell out: bán hết
Send for: cho mời đến
Settle down: ổn định cuộc sống
Think over: suy nghĩ cẩn thận
Run out of: hết
Give up : bỏ / từ bỏ
Bring sb up: nuôi dưỡng
Let sb down: làm ai thất vọng
Make up: bịa ( chuyện)/ trang điểm
      Try on: thử quần áo
Turn on/ Turn off: bật lên/ tắt đi
Work out: giải quyết/ lên kế hoạch
      Go down: hạ ( giá cả)
Hold on: chờ ( máy điện thoại)
Pass away : chết
Set off/ Set out: khởi hành
Stand out: nổi bật
Take off: cất cánh
Catch up with : theo kịp
Come up against: đương đầu với khó khăn
Come up with: nghĩ ra
Face up to : đối mặt ( khó khăn)
Go on: tiếp tục
Go off: nổ
Go away: đi khỏi
 
Take over : đảm nhận
Take after: giống với
Take away : mang đi
 
Come about: xảy ra
Come across: tình cờ gặp
Come up: xảy ra/ xuất hiện
 
Put in for: tham gia
Put up with : chịu đựng
Put off : trì hoãn = delay
Put on/ put off: mặc vào / cởi ra
 
Ca
y out:  tiến hành
Ca
y on: tiếp tục
 
Stand for: là chữ viết tắt của
Stand up for: ủng hộ
 
Look up: tra từ điển
Look at : nhìn
Look for : tìm kiếm
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Fall in love with: yêu ai
Get along / on with:  có mối quan hệ tốt
Get out of : thoát khỏi
Make up for: đền bù
Dress up: ăn mặc sang trọng
Drop in: ghé thăm
Get over: vượt qua = recover
Ask for: đòi hỏi
Live on: sống dựa vào
 
 
Look after : chăm sóc = take care of
Look down on: coi thường
Look  up to : kính trọng
Look forward to: mong đợi
 
Break down: hỏng
Break up: chia tay
 
 
Exercises
Multiple choice
1.      Do you want to stop in this town, or shall we _______?
A. turn on  B. turn off C. go on D. look after
2.      Who will ________ the children while you go out to work?
 A. look for B. look up C. look after D. look at
3.      Please ________ the light, it’s getting dark here.
 A. turn on B. turn off C. turn over D. turn into
4.      The nurse has to _________ at the midnight. {take (sth) over: take control of or responsibility for}
 A. take care  B. take on C. take over C. take off
5.      There is an inflation. The prices __________.
 A. are going on B. are going down C. are going over D. are going up
6.      Remember to _______ your shoes when you are in a Japanese house.
 A. take care  B. take on C. take over C. take off
7.      You can __________ the new words in the dictionary.
 A. look for B. look after C. look up D. look at
8.      It’s cold outside. __________ your coat.
 A. Put on  B. Put down C. Put off D. Put into
9.      Frank never turns up on time for a meeting.
 A. calls B. a
ives C. reports D. prepares
10. Never put off until tomo
ow what you can do today.{ put off: postpone: delay}
 A. do B. let C. delay D. leave
11. My father still hasn’t really recovered from the death of my mother.
 A. looked after B. taken after C. gone off D. got over
12. The bomb exploded with a loud bang which could be heard all over the town.
 A. went on B. went out C. went off D. went away
13. John, could you look after my handbag while I go out for a minute.
 A. take part in  B. take over C. take place D. take care of
14. Bill seems unhappy in his job because he doesn’t get _______ his boss.
 A. up to B. on for C. on well with D. in with
15.  Why do they ______ talking about money all the time?
 A. keep on B. give up C. take after D. stop by
16. My father gave up smoking two years ago.
 A. liked B. continued C. stopped D. enjoyed
17. The government hopes to _________ its plans for introducing cable TV.
 A. turn out B. ca
y out C. ca
y on D. keep on
18. When the tenants failed to pay their bill, the authorities decided to _____ the gas supply to the flat.
 A. cut down B. cut out C. cut off D. cut up
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1.      Look out! There’s a car coming!
 A. The car is behind you, so you should run.
   B. Don’t go away because the car is coming.
 C. Hu
y up or you will be late for the car.
       D. You should be careful because the car is coming.
2.      I was born in Scotland but I ________ in Northern Ireland.
 A. grew up B. raised C.
ought up D. rose
3.      How do you start the computer?
 A. How does the computer turn on? B. How do you turn on the computer?
 C. How do you turn  the computer on? D.  Both B and C are co
ect
4.      I/ not accept/ offer/ turn down/
 A. I couldn’t accept his offer to avoid turning down him.
 B. I couldn’t accept his offer because he was turned down.
 C. I couldn’t accept his offer, so I turned it down.
 D. I couldn’t accept his offer whether I was turned down.
5.      Both Ann and her sister look like her mother.
 A. take after  B. take place C. take away D. take on
6.      I’ll be back in a minute, Jane. I just want to try out my new tape recorder.
 A. resemble B. test C. a
ive D. buy
7.      She got angry when they started to………. her private life.
 A. ask for  B. enquire after  C. ask about  D. enquire with
8.      She ran in a marathon last week but………. after ten kilometers. {withdraw}
 A. dropped out  B. closed down C.
oke up  D. made up
9.      Gertrude takes……….her mother; she has blue eyes and fair hair too.
 A. in  B. up  C. after  D. down
10. It took him a long time to ………. the death of his wife.
 A. take away  B. get over  C. take off  D. get through
11. There were so many kinds of cameras………., and I didn't know which to buy.
 A. to choose  B. choosing from  
 C. chosen  D. to choose from
12. Billy hasn't been working; he won't………. his examinations.
 A. get off  B. get through  C. keep up  D. keep off
13. They a
ived………. the airport………. good time for the plane.
 A. in - on  B. to - in  C. at - in  D. to - for
14. Did Mr. Tan………. the class while Miss Fiona was ill in hospital?
 A. take away  B. take over C. take up  D. take off
15. Paula applied for the post but she was………..
 A. turned down  B. checked out  C. kept under  D. pushed ahead
16. If orders keep coming in like this, I'll have to………. more staff.
 A. give up  B. add in  C. gain on  D. take on
17. Why do they………. talking about money all the time?
 A. keep on  B. side with  C. take after  D. work off
18. In addition to Mr. Thomas and Miss White, the principal………. attend the school party.
 A. is likely  B. is going to  C. are likely  D. are going to
19. We were too tired to wash ________ after the meal.
 A. over B. out C. up D. on
20. I don't know whether I'll go out tonight. It depends ________ how I feel.
 A. in B. at C. on D. over
21. The police made an appeal ________ the public to remain calm.
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 A. by B. to C. at D. for
1.      These policies ________ in many elderly and disabled people suffering hardship.
 A. recalled B. succeeded C. resulted D. resigned
*** Choose the best answer:- SYNONYM
1. He is trying to stop smoking.  
A. give off   B. give up        C. give in           D. give away
2. The bomb exploded in the garage; fortunately no one hurt.
A. put on     B. went off   C. got out   D. kept up
3. I'm so
y. I didn't mean to inte
upt you. Please, go on and finish what you were saying.
A. talk     B. quit       C. continue   D. stop
4. They decided to postpone their journey till the end of the month because of the epidemic.
A. take up   B. turn round   C. put off   D. do with
5. The bomb exploded in the garage; fortunately no one hurt.
A. put on   B. went off   C. got out   D. kept up
6. Be careful! The tree is going to fall.
A. Look out   B. Look up   C. Look on    D. Look after
7. They had to delay their trip because of the bad weather.
A. get through   B. put off   C. keep up with  D. go over
8. It took me a very long time to recover from the shock of her death.
A. turn off   B. take on   C. get over   D. keep up with
9. They decided to postpone their journey till the end of the month because of the epidemic.
A. take up   B. turn round   C. put off   D. do with
10. What may happen if John will not a
ive in time?
A. go along   B. go out   C. put on  D. turn up
11. Frank never turns up on time for a meeting.
A. calls   B. a
ives  C. reports  D. prepares
12. Never put off until tomo
ow what you can do today.{put off: postpone: delay}
A. do   B. let   C. delay  D. leave
13. My father gave up smoking two years ago.
A. liked   B. continued  C. stopped  D. enjoyed
14. Both Ann and her sister look like her mother.
A. take after   B. take place  C. take away  D. take on
15. I’ll be back in a minute, Jane. I just want to try out my new tape recorder.
A. resemble  B. test   C. a
ive  D. buy
16. He resembles his father in many ways.
A. turns off   B. takes on   C. goes over   D. takes after
17. We’ll buy you a cat, but you must promise to take care of it properly.
A. put on     B. go off   C. take after   D. look after
18. *Johnny sometimes visits his grandparents in the countryside.
A. calls on   B. keeps off   C. takes in   D. goes up
19. *Did your son pass the university entrance examination?
A. make up   B. get along   C. go up   D. get through
20. He did not particularly want to play any competitive sport.
A. use up   B. do with   C. take up   D. go on
21. I am tired because I went to bed late last night.
A. stayed up   B. kept off   C. put out   D.
ought up
22. The small white flowers are my favorite. They give off a wonderful honey smell that scents the entire garden.
A. release    B. stop    C. end    D. me
23. I felt let down when I didn't receive a birthday card from my sister.
A. disappointed  B. interested  C. excited   D. bored
24. Do you have to light up another cigarette? I thought you were trying to cut down.
A. burn   B. illuminate  C. save   D. smoke
25. I couldn't make out what he had talked about because I was not used to his accent.
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A. stand   B. understand   C. write   D. inte
upt
26. The firefighters fought the blaze while the crowd was looking on it.
A. blowing   B. watering   C. preventing   D. watching
27. The police are looking into the murder.
A. redoing  B. investigating  C. doing  D. ignoring
28. Within their home country, National Red Cross and Red Crescent societies assume the duties and responsibilities of a national relief society.
A. take on   B. get off   C. go about   D. put in
29. Giovanna doesn't get along with her two
others.
A. agree with   B. hate   C. please with  D. have a good relationship with 
30. You don't need a computer. You can get by with the typewriter.
A. understand  B. manage with  C. buy   D. pass with
31. I fell into the water when I tried to get out of the canoe.
A. enter   B. start   C. climb  D. exit
32. I want you to ca
y on with the project while I am out of town.
A.
ing  B. end   C. abandon  D. continue
33. If the world’s tropical forests continue to disappear at their present rate, many animal species will be extinct.
A. die out  B. die from  C. die of  D. die for
34. Didn’t they notice the “No Camping” sign?
A. keep up with  B. catch sign of  C. take advantage of D. keep track of
35. Now, Peter has become accustomed to driving to the left
A. has got used to B. has become upset with C. has become angry with D. all are co
ect
** GAP-FILLING:
1. The bomb went _________ with a loud bang which could be heard all over the town.
A. on   B. off   C. out   D. by
2. Go _________ this book because it has the information you need.
A. over                    B. by                     C. off                 D. on
3. She looked _________ me, smiling happily and confidently.
A. on    B. over    C. forward   D. at
4. I a
anged to meet Jim after work last night but he didn’t turn _________
A. off            B. up            C. on                    D. down
5. I’ve lost my keys. Can you help me look  _________ them? 
A. up             B. after          C. for                   D. into
6. She still can't get _________ the shock for her baby's death.                                        
A. out             B. on             C. over                   D. away
7. As time goes _________ my memory seems to get worse.A.  down  B. by   C. out   D. away
8. You’d better put _________ your coat before you leave. It’s chilly out.
A. off   B. on   C. out   D. up
9. Frankly speaking, your daughter does not take _________ you at all.
A. after   B. along   C. up     D. over
10. We are going _________ a few days for the holidays.A. away  B. up   C. on   D. out
11. The price of petrol is going _________ because the cost of the exploitation is too high.A. down  B. up   C. along  D. on
12. If you don’t know the meaning of the word, you should look it _________ in the dictionary.
A. out    B. in   C. up   D. on
13. She always takes good care _________ her children.
A. for     B. in   C. of    D. with
14. Did you remember to turn the lights _________ before you left the house?
A. off   B. in   C. away  D. over
15. If you don't know what a word means, look it _________ in the dictionary.
A. over   B. up   C. on   D. at
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16. We were too tired to wash _________ after the meal.
A. over   B. out   C. up   D. on
17. He is disappointed at not being offered the job, but I think he will _________ it.
A. turn off   B. get over   C. fill in   D. take after
18. “Don’t forget to take _________ your shoes when you are in a Japanese house.”
A. off    B. apart   C. in    D. up
19. Do you want to stop in this town, or shall we _________ ?
A. turn on   B. turn off  C. go on  D. look after
20. Who will _________ the children while you go out to work?
A. look for  B. look up  C. look after  D. look at
21. Please _________ the light, it’s getting dark here.
A. turn on  B. turn off  C. turn over  D. turn into
22. Remember to _________ your shoes when you are in a Japanese house.
A. take care   B. take on  C. take over  C. take off
23. You can _________ the new words in the dictionary.
A. look for  B. look after  C. look up  D. look at
24. It’s cold outside. _________ your coat.
A. Put on   B. Put down  C. Put off  D. Put into
25. Why do they _________ talking about money all the time?
A. keep on  B. give up  C. take after  D. stop by
26. "Can you read that sign?" "Just a minutes. Let me _________ my glasses."
A. put off  B. put on  C. put with  D. put away
27. I have been looking _________ my dog for two days but I haven’t seen it yet.
A. after   B. for   C. into   D. at
28. Who will look _________ the child when you’re away?
A. for   B. after   C. at   D. around
29. I feel very hot because the electricity has gone _________ .
A. off   B. out   C. along  D. after
30. I’ve lost my keys. Can you help me look _________ them?
A. at   B. for   C. after   D. into
31. The forest fire went _________ after two days.
A. after   B. off   C. out   D. along
32. She’s very old. She needs someone to look _________ her.
A. after   B. for   C. into   D. at
33. The shoes felt too tight so I took _________ and tried a larger size.
A. away them     B. off them      C. them away                               D. them off
34. She refused to _________  the traditional woman’s role.
A. take up     B. take over     C. take on                  D. take in
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    Ngày : 8/5/2015

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