UNIT 15 : Space Conquest

TEST 1

  1. PRONUNCIATION

Choose the word that has the underlined part pronounced differently from that of the others.

  1. a. foot   b. moon   c. look    d. would
  2. a. gravity   b. aspiration  c. biography   d. possible
  3. a. technical  b. conquest  c. psychology   d. launched
  4. a. national  b. venture  c. fortunate   d. suggestion
  5. a. support  b. shuttle  c. success   d. venture
  1. LANGUAGE FOCUS
  1. Choose the word or phrase - a, b, c or d - that best completes the sentence or substitutes for the underlined word or phrase.
  1. Neil Armstrong was the first man to walk on the moon ______ 20 July 1969.

a. in    b. at    c. on     d. of

  1. She is never satisfied ______ what she's got.

a. to    b. with    c. for    d. in .

  1. In 1961 Yuri Gagarin lifted ______ into space aboard the Vostok 1.

a. off    b. up    c. on     d. Ø

  1. After landing, the team members were greeted like ______ heroes.

a. conquer  b. conquering  c. conqueror     d. conquest

  1. No one knew precisely what would happen to a human being in space.

a. exactly  b. clearly    c. carefully   d. vividly

  1. Neil Armstrong, an American ______, was the first man to step on the moon's surface.

a. scientist  b. cosmonaut   c. astronaut   d. astronomer

  1. The 27-year-old Soviet cosmonaut became the first person to eat and drink in ______.

a. weight   b. weighting   c. weightless  d. weightlessness

  1. About 100 Russian satellites are the earth.

a. flying   b. orbitting   c. traveling   d. circuiting

  1. Many people are demonstrating to express their ______ with the new land law.

a. satisfied  b. satisfactory   c. satisfaction   d. dissatisfaction

  1. The astronauts were able to send the information back to the earth.

a. spaceships  b. space stations  c. spacemen   d. space shots

  1. Choose the word or phrase - a, b, c or d - that best completes the sentence.
  1. No one is better cook than his mother, ______?

a. is she   b. isn't she   c. are they   d. aren’t they

  1. Do it right now, ______?

a. will you   b. shall you   c. do you   d. don't you

  1. There are no easy ways to learn a foreign language, ______?

a. are they  b. are there   c. aren't they   d. aren't there

  1. He seldom goes to the library, ______?

a. doesn’t he  b. is he    c. does he   d. isn’t he

  1. Let's go for a long walk, ______?

a. will we   b. shall we   c. don't you   d. do you

  1. I'd lost my key, so I ______ the door when I got home.

a. could lock     b. wasn't able to lock

c. couldn't unlock    d. was able to unlock

  1. When Mr. Lee was younger, he ______ work in the garden for hours.

a. has got to  b. should be able to  c. can  d. could

  1. Yesterday I ______ to a furniture store. I bought a new lamp there.

a. could go  b. could have gone  c. went  d. ought to have gone

  1. Do you think there ______ less conflict in the world if all people ______ the same language?

a. would be/ spoke    b. were/ would speak

c. were/ spoke      d. would have been/ had spoken

  1. Jupiter is the largest planet in the solar system, ______ eleven times the size of the earth.

a. being   b. has    c. is    d. having

  1. Choose the word or phrase - A, B, C or D -that needs correcting.

26. After the stock market crash of 1929, less people were able to find

                     A                                   B (fewer)            C

Employment

                D

27. The average temperature on Mars, the fourth planet from the sun, is

           A                                B                               C

about eighty degrees than colder on Earth.

                                         D (colder than)

28. Halley's comet was named of the astronomer Edmund Halley, who

                                   A (named after)

was the first to realize that some comets appear in regular cycles.

   B                     C                                        D

29. A number of people still wants to apply for the position of accountant in

     A                                 B (want)                     C                               D


that company.

30. If I were a little taller I could be astronaut, but I don't meet the

      A                               B             C                       D

height requirement. (an astronaut)

  1. READING 
  1. Fill in each blank space with one appropriate from the box.

manned     seriously    affected     space     radiation     groundless

weightlessness     harmless     journey    flown     appeared     effects

Before man had (31) flown in space it was thought that his physical and mental capabilities might be (32) affected by long periods of (33) weightlessness,and that he might be endangered by high levels of (34) radiation. Yuri Gagariri's first (35) space flight in April 1961 showed that man could live in space and, although this (36) journey only lasted for 108 minutes, it gave encouragement to those interested in the future of (37) manned space flight. In fact most of the early fears about man's health in space have proved (38) groundless, and although several odd medical (39) effects have been observed, none has (40) seriously affected man's ability for useful work.

  1. Read the passage carefully, then decide whether the following statements are true (1) or false IF).

Throughout history there have been many great explorers. Have you, for example, heard of Marco Polo, the famous Italian traveler? He was the first European to travel to China. He arrived in China in the late 13th century. About 200 years later, Christopher Columbus sailed from Spain by ship. He was looking for a new way to reach India. However, as you probably know, he didn't reach India. He landed in America. Five hundred years after Columbus in the' 1930s a famous explorer named Richard Byrd was one of the first persons to fly over both the North and the South Poles. Today we continue to explore this world and are studying to explore other worlds, too. In the 1930s Russian and American scientists sent many unmanned spacecraft to the moon. These spacecraft sent back very valuable information about the moon. Then on July 16th 1969 the first manned spaceship to the moon left earth. On that day Apollo 11 blasted off with three American astronauts on board. Four days after blast-off, two of these astronauts landed on the moon. They later explored the surface of the moon. About two days after landing on the moon, they started back to the earth. They arrived safely back on earth a few days later. Today we are sending unmanned spacecraft to other planets. In the future, we might walk on Mars or Venus the way we did on the moon. We might even travel to other galaxies. Who knows? One thing we know for sure is that we will continue to explore this world and other worlds, too.

  1. Marco Polo traveled from England to China in the late 13th century.   F
  2. While he was looking for India, Christopher Columbus reached America. T
  3. In the 19thcentury Richard Byrd flew over both the North and the South Poles. F
  4. Unmanned spacecraft went to the ,moon before manned spacecraft did.  T
  5. Apollo 11 was the first manned spaceship to go to the moon.           T
  6. Apollo 11 was damaged in the blast.                                                      F
  7. All of the American astronauts on the spaceship landed on and explored the surface of the moon.                                                                         F
  8. Today we are sending spacecraft with astronauts on board to other planets.    F
  1. WRITING

Choose the phrase that best completes the sentence.

  1. ______ by meteorites whose impact formed craters of all size.

a. The surface of the moon was shaped

b. The moon whose surface shaped

c. The surface of the shaped moon

d. The surface was forming the shape of the moon

  1. Many craters on the earth's surface were probably formed by very large meteorites ______.

a. when smashed into the ground was an explosion

b. which smashed into the ground and an explosion

c. smashing into the ground and exploding

d. they smashed into the ground and exploded

  1. Throughout history, the moon has inspired not only song and dance ______.

a. but poetry and prose as well   b. but poetry also prose

c. together with poetry and prose   d. and also poetry and prose

  1. Claudius Ptolemy, ______ of the first century A.D., left a good description of the geocentric theory.

a. he was an astronomer and a philosopher

b. being an astronomer and a philosopher

c. an astronomer and who was a philosopher

d. who was an astronomer and a philosopher

  1. ______ the fifth largest among the nine planets that make up our solar system.

a. The Earth being     b. The Earth is  

c. That the Earth is     d. Being the Earth

  1. If my aunt had not fallen down yesterday, ______.

a. her legs would not be hurting now

b. she can walk normally now

c. she does not have to go on crutches now

d. she would not have been painful now

  1. Glass that has been tempered may be up to ______.

a. as hard as ordinary glass five times

b. five times as hard as ordinary glass

c. hard as ordinary glass five times

d. ordinary glass as hard as five times

 

UNIT 15      TEST 2

  1. PRONUNCIATION

Choose the word that has the main stress placed differently from that of the others.

  1. a. scientist  b. president   c. engineer   d. astronaut
  2. a. conquest  b. venture   c. technical   d. artificial.

  1. a. biography  b. psychological  c. approximate  d. congratulate
  2. a. aspiration  b. gravity   c. challenge   d. fortunate
  3. a. success  b. cosmonaut  c. extreme   d. appoint
  1. LANGUAGE FOCUS
  1. Choose the word or phrase - a, b, c or d - that best completes the sentence or substitutes for the underlined word or phrase.
  1. The Cosmonaut Training Center at Star City, Russia was named ______ him.

a. of    b. on    c. for    d. after

  1. China became the third country in the, world to be able to independently carry ______ manned space flights.

a. on    b. out    c. off    d. over

  1. Yuri Gagarin is the first human to fly ______ space.

a. in    b. to    c. into    d. around

  1. Man has witnessed a great many significant ______ of science and technology in the past few decades.

a. achieves  b. achieved   c. achievers   d. achievements

  1. He was pulled off an extraordinary ______ in completing the voyage single-handedly.

a. feast  b. feat    c. feature   d. fervour

  1. Sputnik was the first ______ satellite made by the USSR.

a. manned  b. natural   c. artificial   d. live

  1. From his window in space, Gagarin had a view of the Earth that no human beings had done before.

a. discription  b. vision   c. recognition   d. attention

  1. The successful flight marked a milestone in China's space project.

a. landmark  b. record    c. break-up   d. progress

  1. His flight was in ______ around the Earth at the speed of more than 17,000 miles per hour.

a. orbit   b. travel    c. circuit    d. revolve

  1. The use of computer aids in teaching, ______ the role of teachers is still very important.

a. yet   b. unless    c. despite   d. where

  1. Choose the word or phrase - a, b, c or d - that best completes the sentence.
  1. I think he will join us, ______?

a. doesn't he  b. won't he  c. will he    d. don't I

  1. Tom wasn't at the party last night. He must not ______ a ride. I know he wanted to come, but he didn't have a ride.

a. be able to have gotten   b. have been able to get

c. to have been able to get   d. be able to get

  1. Robert ______ a new car for a very good price. He paid 30 percent less than the regular retail cost.

a. could buy  b. was supposed to buy c. had to buy d. was able to buy

  1. Since they came, we ______ able to work on the project.

a. are   b. have been   c. have to be   d. were

  1. After I ______ at the bus terminus, I found a crowd of schoolboys.

a. had arrived  b. arrived   c. have arrived     d had been arriving

  1. Seldom ______ such a beautiful sight.

a. have I seen  b. I have ever seen  c. I saw   d. did I ever see

  1. No one is indifferent to praise, ______ ?

a. is one   b. isn’t one   c. is he    d. are they

  1. Somebody has left these socks on the bathroom floor, ______ ?

a. have they  b. haven't they  c. has he   d. hasn't he

  1. Despite the bad weather, he ______ get to the airport in time.

a. could    b. was able to  c. couldn't   d. might

  1. The existence of many stars in the sky ______ us to suspect that there may be life on another planet.

a. lead   b. leads    c. leading   d. have led

  1. Choose the word or phrase - A, B, C or D - that needs correcting.
  1. He hardly never says anything at the local meeting. (ever)

                          A       B         C                  D

  1. All the students in the class are enough good to pass the final exam.

          A                               (good enough) B            C             D

  1. Neither Sam nor James wanted their name associated with the project.

            A                                   B        C (his)            D

  1. Not only could the younger people completed all the work quickly and

                                             (complete) A                                B

accurately, but the retired workers could also.

                                                          C     D

  1. Our nervous system has over ten billions nerve cells in a network

                                                          A        B

covering every inch of our skin and organs. (billion)

                        C                                       D

  1. According to geological discoveries, 4.6-billion-years life span of our

                                      A                             B (4.6-billion-year)

planet is divided into four time intervals called eras.

          C                      D

  1. The players prepared good for the tournament but performed poorly.

                                A          B (well)                                       C          D


  1. During first ten years of the Space Age, which began in 1957, more than

        A (during the first)                                      B                             C

500 artificial satellites were rocketed into orbit around the Earth.

                                                                D

  1. Air pollution, together with littering, are causing many problems

                                     A                  B (is)              C

in our large, industrial cities today.

       D

  1. Stars in our universe vary in temperature, color, bright, size and mass.

   A                              B                                       C (brightness)      D

  1. READING 
  1. Choose the word - a, b, c or d - that best fits the blank space in the following passage.

Is there life on Mars? Many people have (36) _____ about this question. Some writers of science-fiction think of people from Mars (37) _____ little green creatures. Others imagine 'Martians' as monsters with many eyes.

In studying this planet, astronomers have found that life may be possible on Mars. The first (38) _____ of this is that Mars has seasons, just like Earth. In other words, Earth's seasons, such as spring or summer, occur on Mars too. Because these seasons exist, it may be possible for (39) _____ and other higher (40) _____ forms to be found on Mars.

Astronomers also think that perhaps a small (41) _____ of water vapor could be found on Mars. In 1887, an Italian astronomer, Giovanni Schiaparelli, discovered markings on Mars' surface. These markings looked like canals. This finding (42) _____ astronomers to believe that since water exists on Mars, life forms could exist as well.

However, there are (43) _____ who feel that life on mars is not possible. This is because there is little or no (44) _____ of oxygen on the planet. In 1965, the Mariner IV capsule managed to take photographs of the planet. It discovered that the only forms of life found are vegetation like fungi and mosses. (45) _____, people remain fascinated by the idea that there could one day be life on Mars.

  1. a. puzzled  b. asked   c. wondered   d. confused
  2. a. like   b. to be   c. as being   d. as
  3. a. indication  b. print    c. mark    d. trace
  4. a. vegetables  b. vegetation  c. vegetarian   d. veterinary
  5. a. lively   b. living   c. live    d. life
  6. a. quantity  b. amount  c. portion   d. mass
  7. a. got   b. took   c. led    d. brought
  8. a. others   b. another  c. other    d. some other
  9. a. mark   b. speck   c. trace    d. bit
  10. a. According  b. Nevertheless  c. Thus   d. Consequently
  1. Read the passage carefully, then choose the correct answer.

There is one planet that still fascinates and teases scientists mainly because it doesn't have an atmosphere to 9bscure observation, yet it is not big enough for sufficiently accurate telescopic observation. The fact that it is also very close to the sun also makes it difficult for astronomers.

However, space telescopes have told us a lot more about Mercury. It is rather similar to Earth's moon and to Mars. There are mountainous areas dotted with craters and large valleys which are uncratered. The moon's valleys have fewer cracks and the ridges are smoother. Mercury's valleys are filled with volcanic rocks, similar to on the moon, yet there is no evidence of volcanoes, even extinct ones, on Mercury, as there is on the both Mars and the moon, and of course here on Earth.

So, scientists presume the valleys on Mercury were caused by different things, that is to say not by volcanoes, but by very large meteorites, which also caused the cracks in the terrain and left the ridges rough and uneven. More and better photos of Mercury are needed to prove what are at present at best only hypotheses.

  1. What is the topic of this passage?

a. The planet, Mercury    b. Observation of planets

c. The Earth's moon    d. Astronomers' difficulties

  1. Why does Mercury still tease scientists?

a. Because it has an atmosphere which obscures observation:

b. Because it is too close to the sun;

c. Because it is too small.

d. Because it is difficult for space probes to get close to.

  1. What is true about Mercury but not true about the moon or Mars?

a. The valleys are filled with volcanic rocks. b. There are no volcanoes.

c. The valleys are uncratered     d. There are hilly regions.

  1. What does the author imply space telescopes can do better than land-based telescopes?

a. Show, the volcanoes on Mercury.

b. Show the meteorites which hit Mercury.

c. Show what caused Mercury's valleys.

d. Show more of the planet, Mercury.

  1. What can we infer from the passage that astronomers still need to get more detailed observation of Mercury?

a. Better and more space telescopes    b. More hypotheses.

c. Larger space telescopes   d. More ways to prove hypotheses.

  1. WRITING
  1. From the four words or phrases - a. b, c or d - choose the one that best completes the sentence.
  1. _____ was the first fully successful transatlantic cable finally laid.

a. Not until 1866     b. Until 1866, just

c. Until 1866      d. In 1866, not until

  1. The fact that _____ was discovered in 1923 by the astronomer Edwin Hubble.

a. the expansion of the universe  b. the universe, which is expanding


c. when the universe expands  d. the universe is expanding

  1. _____ that life began billions of years ago in the water.

a. It is believed  b. In the belief  c. The belief  d. Believing

  1. Because Mars is farther from the Sun than _____, Mars takes longer to complete a revolution.

a. is from Earth  b. Earth is  c. what is Earth  d. is it Earth

  1. _____ in the atmosphere is the temperature falling below freezing.

a. Frost is produced    b. Frost produces

c. What produces frost    d. What is frost

  1. Choose the sentence -a, b, c or d - which is closest in meaning to the printed one.
  1. In the class of twenty, Jeanne is the third best student.

a. Two students are smarter than Jeanne.

b. The class has only three smart students.

c. No other student is as smart as Jeanne.

d. Jeanne is not as smart as most of the other students.

  1. She is unqualified to fill the position as executive secretary of the firm.

a. Both she and the executive secretary have a firm position.

b. She possesses the firm qualities of an executive secretary.

c. Firmness is needed to qualify one for position of executive secretary.

d. The job of executive secretary requires more skills than she has.

  1. The children looked forward to getting new clothes for Christmas.

a. The children expected new clothes as Christmas gifts.

b. The children wanted to wear new clothes on Christmas Day.

c. The children looked for new clothes for Christmas.

d. The children got dressed for Christmas Day.

  1. The company turned down Bill's offer.

a. The company agreed with Bill's offer

b. The company rejected Bill's offer.

c. The company accepted Bill's offer

d. The company discussed Bill's offer.

  1. Slightly more than twenty five percent of the students in the class come from Spanish-speaking countries.

a. The majority of the students in the class do not speak Spanish.

b. Seventy-five percent of the students in the class speak Spanish.

c. The percentage of the students who speak Spanish is less than twenty-five percent.

d. About twenty-five percent of the students in the class speak languages other than Spanish.

 

 

UNIT 15      TEST 2

  1. PRONUNCIATION

Choose the word that has the main stress placed differently from that of the others.

  1. a. scientist  b. president   c. engineer   d. astronaut
  2. a. conquest  b. venture   c. technical   d. artificial.
  3. a. biography  b. psychological  c. approximate  d. congratulate
  4. a. aspiration  b. gravity   c. challenge   d. fortunate
  5. a. success  b. cosmonaut  c. extreme   d. appoint
  1. LANGUAGE FOCUS
  1. Choose the word or phrase - a, b, c or d - that best completes the sentence or substitutes for the underlined word or phrase.
  1. The Cosmonaut Training Center at Star City, Russia was named ______ him.

a. of    b. on    c. for    d. after

  1. China became the third country in the, world to be able to independently carry ______ manned space flights.

a. on    b. out    c. off    d. over

  1. Yuri Gagarin is the first human to fly ______ space.

a. in    b. to    c. into    d. around

  1. Man has witnessed a great many significant ______ of science and technology in the past few decades.

a. achieves  b. achieved   c. achievers   d. achievements

  1. He was pulled off an extraordinary ______ in completing the voyage single-handedly.

a. feast  b. feat    c. feature   d. fervour

  1. Sputnik was the first ______ satellite made by the USSR.

a. manned  b. natural   c. artificial   d. live

  1. From his window in space, Gagarin had a view of the Earth that no human beings had done before.

a. discription  b. vision   c. recognition   d. attention

  1. The successful flight marked a milestone in China's space project.

a. landmark  b. record    c. break-up   d. progress

  1. His flight was in ______ around the Earth at the speed of more than 17,000 miles per hour.

a. orbit   b. travel    c. circuit    d. revolve

  1. The use of computer aids in teaching, ______ the role of teachers is still very important.

a. yet   b. unless    c. despite   d. where

  1. Choose the word or phrase - a, b, c or d - that best completes the sentence.
  1. I think he will join us, ______?

a. doesn't he  b. won't he  c. will he    d. don't I


  1. Tom wasn't at the party last night. He must not ______ a ride. I know he wanted to come, but he didn't have a ride.

a. be able to have gotten   b. have been able to get

c. to have been able to get   d. be able to get

  1. Robert ______ a new car for a very good price. He paid 30 percent less than the regular retail cost.

a. could buy  b. was supposed to buy c. had to buy d. was able to buy

  1. Since they came, we ______ able to work on the project.

a. are   b. have been   c. have to be   d. were

  1. After I ______ at the bus terminus, I found a crowd of schoolboys.

a. had arrived  b. arrived   c. have arrived     d had been arriving

  1. Seldom ______ such a beautiful sight.

a. have I seen  b. I have ever seen  c. I saw   d. did I ever see

  1. No one is indifferent to praise, ______ ?

a. is one   b. isn’t one   c. is he    d. are they

  1. Somebody has left these socks on the bathroom floor, ______ ?

a. have they  b. haven't they  c. has he   d. hasn't he

  1. Despite the bad weather, he ______ get to the airport in time.

a. could    b. was able to  c. couldn't   d. might

  1. The existence of many stars in the sky ______ us to suspect that there may be life on another planet.

a. lead   b. leads    c. leading   d. have led

  1. Choose the word or phrase - A, B, C or D - that needs correcting.
  1. He hardly never says anything at the local meeting. (ever)

                          A       B         C                  D

  1. All the students in the class are enough good to pass the final exam.

          A                               (good enough) B            C             D

  1. Neither Sam nor James wanted their name associated with the project.

            A                                   B        C (his)            D

  1. Not only could the younger people completed all the work quickly and

                                             (complete) A                                B

accurately, but the retired workers could also.

                                                          C     D

  1. Our nervous system has over ten billions nerve cells in a network

                                                          A        B

covering every inch of our skin and organs. (billion)

                        C                                       D

  1. According to geological discoveries, 4.6-billion-years life span of our

                                      A                             B (4.6-billion-year)

planet is divided into four time intervals called eras.

          C                      D

  1. The players prepared good for the tournament but performed poorly.

                                A          B (well)                                       C          D

  1. During first ten years of the Space Age, which began in 1957, more than

        A (during the first)                                      B                             C

500 artificial satellites were rocketed into orbit around the Earth.

                                                                D

  1. Air pollution, together with littering, are causing many problems

                                     A                  B (is)              C

in our large, industrial cities today.

       D

  1. Stars in our universe vary in temperature, color, bright, size and mass.

   A                              B                                       C (brightness)      D

  1. READING 
  1. Choose the word - a, b, c or d - that best fits the blank space in the following passage.

Is there life on Mars? Many people have (36) _____ about this question. Some writers of science-fiction think of people from Mars (37) _____ little green creatures. Others imagine 'Martians' as monsters with many eyes.

In studying this planet, astronomers have found that life may be possible on Mars. The first (38) _____ of this is that Mars has seasons, just like Earth. In other words, Earth's seasons, such as spring or summer, occur on Mars too. Because these seasons exist, it may be possible for (39) _____ and other higher (40) _____ forms to be found on Mars.

Astronomers also think that perhaps a small (41) _____ of water vapor could be found on Mars. In 1887, an Italian astronomer, Giovanni Schiaparelli, discovered markings on Mars' surface. These markings looked like canals. This finding (42) _____ astronomers to believe that since water exists on Mars, life forms could exist as well.

However, there are (43) _____ who feel that life on mars is not possible. This is because there is little or no (44) _____ of oxygen on the planet. In 1965, the Mariner IV capsule managed to take photographs of the planet. It discovered that the only forms of life found are vegetation like fungi and mosses. (45) _____, people remain fascinated by the idea that there could one day be life on Mars.

  1. a. puzzled  b. asked   c. wondered   d. confused
  2. a. like   b. to be   c. as being   d. as
  3. a. indication  b. print    c. mark    d. trace
  4. a. vegetables  b. vegetation  c. vegetarian   d. veterinary
  5. a. lively   b. living   c. live    d. life
  6. a. quantity  b. amount  c. portion   d. mass
  7. a. got   b. took   c. led    d. brought
  8. a. others   b. another  c. other    d. some other
  9. a. mark   b. speck   c. trace    d. bit
  10. a. According  b. Nevertheless  c. Thus   d. Consequently

  1. Read the passage carefully, then choose the correct answer.

There is one planet that still fascinates and teases scientists mainly because it doesn't have an atmosphere to 9bscure observation, yet it is not big enough for sufficiently accurate telescopic observation. The fact that it is also very close to the sun also makes it difficult for astronomers.

However, space telescopes have told us a lot more about Mercury. It is rather similar to Earth's moon and to Mars. There are mountainous areas dotted with craters and large valleys which are uncratered. The moon's valleys have fewer cracks and the ridges are smoother. Mercury's valleys are filled with volcanic rocks, similar to on the moon, yet there is no evidence of volcanoes, even extinct ones, on Mercury, as there is on the both Mars and the moon, and of course here on Earth.

So, scientists presume the valleys on Mercury were caused by different things, that is to say not by volcanoes, but by very large meteorites, which also caused the cracks in the terrain and left the ridges rough and uneven. More and better photos of Mercury are needed to prove what are at present at best only hypotheses.

  1. What is the topic of this passage?

a. The planet, Mercury    b. Observation of planets

c. The Earth's moon    d. Astronomers' difficulties

  1. Why does Mercury still tease scientists?

a. Because it has an atmosphere which obscures observation:

b. Because it is too close to the sun;

c. Because it is too small.

d. Because it is difficult for space probes to get close to.

  1. What is true about Mercury but not true about the moon or Mars?

a. The valleys are filled with volcanic rocks. b. There are no volcanoes.

c. The valleys are uncratered     d. There are hilly regions.

  1. What does the author imply space telescopes can do better than land-based telescopes?

a. Show, the volcanoes on Mercury.

b. Show the meteorites which hit Mercury.

c. Show what caused Mercury's valleys.

d. Show more of the planet, Mercury.

  1. What can we infer from the passage that astronomers still need to get more detailed observation of Mercury?

a. Better and more space telescopes    b. More hypotheses.

c. Larger space telescopes   d. More ways to prove hypotheses.

  1. WRITING
  1. From the four words or phrases - a. b, c or d - choose the one that best completes the sentence.
  1. _____ was the first fully successful transatlantic cable finally laid.

a. Not until 1866     b. Until 1866, just

c. Until 1866      d. In 1866, not until

  1. The fact that _____ was discovered in 1923 by the astronomer Edwin Hubble.

a. the expansion of the universe  b. the universe, which is expanding

c. when the universe expands  d. the universe is expanding

  1. _____ that life began billions of years ago in the water.

a. It is believed  b. In the belief  c. The belief  d. Believing

  1. Because Mars is farther from the Sun than _____, Mars takes longer to complete a revolution.

a. is from Earth  b. Earth is  c. what is Earth  d. is it Earth

  1. _____ in the atmosphere is the temperature falling below freezing.

a. Frost is produced    b. Frost produces

c. What produces frost    d. What is frost

  1. Choose the sentence -a, b, c or d - which is closest in meaning to the printed one.
  1. In the class of twenty, Jeanne is the third best student.

a. Two students are smarter than Jeanne.

b. The class has only three smart students.

c. No other student is as smart as Jeanne.

d. Jeanne is not as smart as most of the other students.

  1. She is unqualified to fill the position as executive secretary of the firm.

a. Both she and the executive secretary have a firm position.

b. She possesses the firm qualities of an executive secretary.

c. Firmness is needed to qualify one for position of executive secretary.

d. The job of executive secretary requires more skills than she has.

  1. The children looked forward to getting new clothes for Christmas.

a. The children expected new clothes as Christmas gifts.

b. The children wanted to wear new clothes on Christmas Day.

c. The children looked for new clothes for Christmas.

d. The children got dressed for Christmas Day.

  1. The company turned down Bill's offer.

a. The company agreed with Bill's offer

b. The company rejected Bill's offer.

c. The company accepted Bill's offer

d. The company discussed Bill's offer.

  1. Slightly more than twenty five percent of the students in the class come from Spanish-speaking countries.

a. The majority of the students in the class do not speak Spanish.

b. Seventy-five percent of the students in the class speak Spanish.

c. The percentage of the students who speak Spanish is less than twenty-five percent.

d. About twenty-five percent of the students in the class speak languages other than Spanish.

 

 

nguon VI OLET