UNIT 16      TEST 2


Choose the word that has the main stress is placed differently from that of the others.

  1. a. wonder  b. pyramid c. treasure  d. belongings
  2. a. surpass  b. spiral   c. propose  d. mysterious
  3. a. theory   b. chamber  c. consist  d. structure
  4. a. architect  b. attraction  c. museum  d. construct
  5. a. satellite  b. artificial  c. heritage  d. ancient
  1. Choose the word or phrase - a, b, c or d - that best completes the sentences or substitutes for the underlined word or phrase.
  1. In 1987, the Great Wall was listed as a World Heritage _____ UNESCO.

a. with    b. to    c. of   d. by

  1. We are all keen ______ taking a trip to the Great Wall of China.

a. to     b. on     c. of   d. in

  1. We had to ______ the noise from the building site next door for three months.

a. give up    b. stand up to   c. put up with  d. look up to

  1. Remember to take all your personal ______ from the overhead locker when you leave the airplane.

a. belongings   b. treasure   c. wealth   d. profits

  1. The structure ______ of approximately 2 million blocks of stone, each weighing about 2.5 tons.

a. included   b. consisted   c. contained  d. combined

  1. The Ponagar Cham Towers are located on Cu Lao Marble Hill, 2 km north of Nha Trang.

a. lain    b. built    c. sited   d. detected

  1. The family chose cremation rather than ______.

a. burial    b. burning  c. embalmment  d. funeral

  1. One theory involved the construction of a straight or spiral ramp that was raised as the construction proceeded.

a. ground    b. path    c. field   d. slope

  1. When it was built, the Great Pyramid was 147 meters high on a ______ of 230 meters square.

a. basic   b. base    c. basin   d. basement

  1. These suggestions are ______ to be accepted by the majority of members.

a. impossible   b. unlikely  c. undoubtedly  d. inconceivable

  1. Choose the word or phrase - a, b, c or d - that best completes the sentences.
  1. The Mayan Indians ______ an accurate and sophisticated calendar more than seven centuries ago.

a. were developed      b. developed   

c. are developed     d. have been developed

  1. The building ______ the earthquake but then ______ by a fire.

a. was survived - destroyed   b. survived - was destroyed

c. survived - destroyed    d. was survived - was destroyed

  1. 'Did you like the film?' ' Well, after ______ the book, I was a bit disappointed.'

a. have read  b. having read  c. am reading   d. had read

  1. What are you doing here now? You ______ be here for another three hours.

a. couldn't  b. had better not  c. might not  d. aren't supposed to

  1. You have cut the material in the wrong place. It ought ______ just here but it wasn't.

a to have been cut  b. be cut   c. to have cut   d. to cut

  1. We can't risk ______ in heavy traffic during rush hour.

a. holding up   b. being held up  c. having held up  d. to hold up

  1. Changes to the taxation system are expected ______.

a. to propose b. to have proposed c. to be proposed d. being proposed

  1. Robert always hated ______ by other children.

a. teasing   b. having teased  c. to be teased  d. being teased

  1. You and I went there together, ______?

a. didn't you   b. did you  c. did we    d. didn't we

  1. We ______ in such a great mess now if we ______ it before.

a. wouldn't have been - have known   b. won't be - knew

c. won't have been - have known   d. wouldn't be - had known

  1. Choose the word or phrase - A, B, C or D - that needs correcting.
  1. One of the most impressive collections of the nineteenth-century


European paintings in the United States can find in the Philadelphia

                      B                                          C    D (be found)

Museum of Art.

  1. Benny Goodman was equally talented as both a jazz performer

                                        A                                               B

as well as a classical musician.

      C (and)               D

  1. Zoos in New Orleans, San Diego, Detroit and the Bronx have become


biological parks where animals roams free and people watch them

across a moat.                   (roam) B       C                            D

  1. The teacher repeated the assignment again for the students, since

   A                                                          B (Ø)                            C

they had difficulty understanding what to do after he had explained

it the first time.                                                                     D

  1. In 1960 John F. Kennedy became the youngest man ever to elect

     A                                       B                                      C       D

president.  (to be elected)         

  1. The abilities to work hard, follow directions and thinking independently

                        A                                                      B (think)

are some of the criteria for success in the workplace.

C                                          D

  1. I would like to congratulate you on how you have taken care of all the

                                     A                                               B

matters related on the reorganization of your department.

                    C (related to)                                D

  1. There were too many books on the shelves that I didn't know which

        A          B (so)                                          C

one to choose.


  1. If the message was more detailed, I would have been able to understand

                          A (had been)              B            C                         D

it when I read it.

  1. Judy decided to wait until after she had taken her exams before having

                          A                                  B                                         C

her wisdom teeth pull.

                              D (pulled)

  1. Choose the word or phrase that best fits the blank space.

The building of the pyramid in Ancient Egypt obviously (36) ______ a vast labour force, but the (37) ______ image of gangs of Egyptians being forced to work is probably incorrect. In fact it seems that though prisoners of war did some of the heavy work and the maintenance jobs, most of the (38) ______ labourers were farmers who worked during the flood periods when farming was (39) ______ anyway. The labourers were probably paid (40) _____ food - because money did not yet (41) _____ and organised in groups with (42) _____ names such as 'Hardworking Gang' or 'Strong Gang'. (43) ______ the traditional picture of thousands of slaves being struck with whips is unlikely to be "true, paintings do show supervisors carrying metre-long sticks which were not simply (44) ______ of office. One architect, Nekhebu, (45) ______ that he never hit a workman (46) ______ enough to knock him down. The Greek historian Herodotus gave traditional figures for the work force of one of the pyramids as 100;000 men replaced (47) ______ three months for a period of 20 years. It is impossible to prove or disprove these figures, but they had doubtless been (48) ______ overestimated. Housing that was found in the desert (49) ______ the west of one of the pyramids would have accommodated a (50) ______ work force of no more than 4000.

  1. a. consumed  b. required   c. requested   d. demanded
  2. a. common  b. normal   c. popular   d. usual
  3. a. ordinary  b. common   c. normal   d. unusual
  4. a. unable   b. unlikely   c. improbable   d. impossible
  5. a. by    b. in    c. with    d. for
  6. a. exist   b. realise   c. appear   d. emerge
  7. a. provoking  b. stimulating   c. encouraging  d. exciting
  8. a. Because  b. So that   c. Unless   d. Although
  9. a. tokens   b. symbols   c. signs    d. indicators
  10. a. spoke   b. told   c. boasted   d. explained
  11. a. hard    b. strong    c. violently   d. vehemently
  12. a. each   b. by    c. after    d. every
  13. a. largely   b. exceedingly  c. wildly    d. excessively
  14. a. towards  b. to    c. in     d. by
  15. a. permanent  b. constant   c. lasting    d. durable
  1. Read the passage carefully, then choose the correct answer.

Taj Mahal, a mausoleum in Agra, India, regarded as one of the most beautiful buildings in the world. The Mughal emperor Shah Jahan had it built in memory of his wife, Arjumand Banu Bagam, known as Mumtaz Mahal (Persian for "Elect of the Palace"), who died in 1631.

Building commenced about 1632. The mausoleum was complete by about 1643 and the surrounding complex of buildings and gardens was complete by about 1653. Situated on the southern bank of the Yamuna River, the white marble mausoleum is composed of four identical facades, each containing a large central arch 33 m (108 ft) high. A large bulb-shaped dome, over 73 m (240 ft) tall, rises over the center, with four smaller domes surrounding it. The building is raised on a square podium with a minaret at each corner. It is flanked by two red sandstone buildings-a mosque and its replica, the Jawab (Answer), a building of which the main function is visual balance. Visitors approach the Taj Mahal through an imposing red sandstone gate, decorated with inscriptions from the Muslim holy book, the Qur'an (Koran). The gate and accompanying walls also contain a vast, geometrically laid out garden, 305 m (1,002 ft) on each side. The enclosed garden, itself a Muslim symbol of paradise, is centered on a large, raised pool. Canals divide it into four equal parts, each containing flower beds, fountains, and cypress trees (symbols of death).

Inside theTaj Mahal, the tomb of Mumtaz Mahal stands at the center of an octagonal hall, while the slightly larger tomb of Shah Jahan, who died in

1666, is off to one side. Both are elaborately carved and inlaid with semiprecious stones, illuminated by sunlight filtering through an elaborately carved marble screen that is also studded with jewels.

  1. What is the Taj Mahal?

a. A temple  b. A monument  c. A tomb    d. A shrine

  1. Which of the following is not true?

a. The Taj Mahal was built by the Mughah emperor Shah Jahan.

b. It took approximately 20 years to complete the mausoleum.

c. The front of the building is similar in all sides.

d. The mausoleum has four domes around it.

  1. The word 'minaret' in line 11 is closest in meaning to ______.

a. tower   b. mosque   c. altar    d. statue

  1. The Jawab ______.

a. is a mosque where people worship

b. has a main function of decorating.

c. was decorated with inscriptions from the Koran

d. was built by red stones

  1. According to the passage, which of the following statements is false?

a. The garden of the Taj Mahal is a Muslim symbol of paradise.

b. In beauty of design and rich decorative detail, Taj Mahal is one of the best buildings in the world.

c. The Mughah emperor Shah Jahan died 35 years after his wife.

d. The tombs of Shah Jahan's and his wife are located at the center of the mausoleum.

  1. From the four word or phrase - a, b, c or d - choose the one that best completes the sentence.
  1. Of all the monarchs in French history, the infamous. Louis XIV is the one ______.

a. with whom the public is most familiar

b. whom with the public is most familiar

c. that the public is familiar the most

d. the public is most familiar with

  1. ______ perhaps the most awe inspiring among the great structures of the world.

a. The Great Wall of China   b. The Great Wall of China is

c. That The Great Wall of China is  d. The Great Wall of China which is

  1. On an untimed test, to answer accurately is more important than ______.

a. a quick finish     b. you finish quickly

c. finishing quickly     d. to finish quickly

  1. No matter ______, Mozart was an accomplished composer while still a child.

a. how it seems remarkable   b. how remarkable it seems

c. it seems remarkable how   d. how seems it remarkable

  1. _____ millions of galaxies exist in the vast space outside the Milky Way.

a. That is estimated .    b. An estimate that

c. It is estimated that    d. That the estimated

  1. Choose the sentence - a, b, c or d - which is closest in meaning to the printed one.
  1. He liked London very little and Vienna less.

a. He liked Vienna but not London

b. He thought Vienna was worse than London.

c. He liked Vienna more than London

b. He didn't like Vienna as much as London

  1. She tends to lose her temper for no reason.

a. She has no reason so she loses her temper

b. She has no reason for tending to lose her temper.

c. She easily gets angry when there is a reason.

d. She often gets angry for no reason.

  1. He seemed very reluctant to take my advice.

a. He seemed quite willing to take my advice.

b. It seemed he was not ready to give me advice.

c. It seemed he was not willing to take my advice.

d. He seemed very anxious to take my advice.

  1. Scarcely had the man left when the bomb exploded.

a. The bomb had exploded before the man left.

b. No sooner had the man left than the bomb exploded.

c. The man left and had the bomb exploded.

d. The bomb went off because of the man

  1. Bob outdoes his brother Paul in math.

a. Bob surpasses Paul in math.

b. Paul surpasses Bob in math

c. Bob always does Paul's math for him.

d. Paul and Mark make the same grade in math.



nguon VI OLET