COMPARISONS
Positive, Comparative and Superlative

Adjs or advs
POSITIVE
COMPARATIVE
SUPERLATIVE

Short
AS + adj + AS
NOT SO / AS + adj + AS
adj - ER + THAN
THE + adj - EST

Long

MORE + adj + THAN
THE MOST + adj

Sánh hơn: ER ngắn, MORE dài
Ngang : AS, Kém: LESS, hoặc xài NOT SO
Sánh nhất: THE EST, THE MOST
Kém dùng THE LEAST nhớ lâu không mờ

2, Double comparatives:
FORMS
MEANINGS
EXAMPLES

2. Short adj - ER and short adj - ER
MORE and MORE + long adj
Càng ngày càng...
Betty is younger and younger
The food is more and more expensive

LESS AND LESS...
Càng ngày càng ... kém
He is less and less gay
He is less and less intelligent

1. The + comparative + S + V,
the + comparative + S + V
Càng … thì càng...
The hotter it is, the more miserable I feel.

THE LESS... THE LESS...
Càng... thì càng ...kém
The less harder you are , the less successful you will be


CÀNG NGÀY CÀNG KHÁ dịch rằng
ER and ER ngắn, MORE and MORE dài
CÀNG NGÀY CÀNG KÉM TA XÀI
LESS AND LESS + Tính ngắn/dài nhớ AND
CÀNG THÌ CÀNG nối 2 phần
THE (ER/MORE/LESS) 2 lần nhớ THE

3.Irregalar Adis and Advs
Adj & adv
Comparative
Superlative
Meaning

Good/ well
Bad/ badly
Many/ much
Little
Far
Old
better
worse
more
less
farther / further
older/elder
the best
the worst
the most
the least
the farthest / the furthest
the oldest / the eldest
Tốt
Xấu
Nhiều
Ít
Xa
Già, lớn tuổi



EXERCISES
Choose the best answer
1. Of the four dresses, which is ………………..expensive?
A. the best B. the most C. the more D. the greater
2. The larger the apartment, the ................... the rent.
A. expensive B. more expensive C. expensively D. most expensive
3. The faster we walk,………….. we will get there.
A. the soonest B. the soon C. the more soon D. the sooner
4. “ Why did you buy these oranges? ” “They were ……….….. I could find. ”
A. cheapest B. cheapest ones C. the cheapest ones D. the most cheapest
5. She plays the piano …………… as she sings.
A. as beautifully B. more beautifully C. as beautiful D. the most beautifully
6. The streets are getting more and …………… these days.
A. crowded B. less crowded C. more crowded D. most crowded
7. The larger the city, …………… the crime rate.
A. highest B. higher C. the highest D. the higher
8. You must explain your problems …………....
A. as clear as you can B. as clearly as you can C. as clear than you are D. as clearly as you are
9. Pil is ……………… person we know.
A. the happier B. the happiest C. happier D. happiest
10. Which woman are you going to vote for? –I’m not sure. Everyone says that Joan is………….
A. smarter B. the smarter C. more smarter D. more smart
11. Bill is ………………
A. lazier and lazier B. more and more lazy C. lazier and more lazy D. more lazy and lazier
12. It’s too noisy here. Can we go somewhere …………………?
A. noisier B. more quiet C. more noisy D. quieter
13. ………..the time passes, ……….I feel ! The deadline of my thesis is coming , but I have just finished half of it.
A. The faster / the nervous B. The more fast / the nervous
C. The fast / the more nervous D. The faster / the more nervous
14. China is the country with…………………..population.
A. the larger B. the more large C. the largest D. the most large
15. She sat there
nguon VI OLET